Dataset Open Access

Taxonomic and ecological database of trees of Western Ghats - TreeGhatsData

Raevel, Valérie; Ayyappan N.; Balachandran N.; Aravajy S.; Barathan N.; Ramesh B.R.; Munoz, François

TreeGhatsData is a compilation of lists of tree taxa found in Western Ghats, South India:

  • taxa for which the word "tree" appears in habit description in the book Flowering plants of the Western Ghats edited by the Tropical Botanic Garden Research Institute (TBGRI), including planted or cultivated taxa (Nayar, Beegam, and Sibi. 2014);
  • tree taxa described after 2014 in journal articles;
  • taxon names used in forest surveys published by the French Institute of Pondicherry (IFP), in journal articles from 2000, and in the Atlas of endemics of the Western Ghats (Ramesh and Pascal 1997);
  • taxon names reported with "tree" habit in Indian Biodiversity Portal (http://indiabiodiversity.org/).

For each plant name, TreeGhatsData includes the following taxonomic information: family, genus epithet, species epithet, infrataxon rank, infrataxon epithet, authority. Both the family name used in TBGRI book and the corresponding family name according to Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system III (APGIII; Bremer et al. 2009) are provided.

TreeGhatsData includes the taxonomic status, the reference name and the authority according to TBGRI flora, along with taxonomic status from The Plant List version 1.1 (http://www.theplantlist.org/). From these two sources, a taxonomic status is suggested for each taxon name, with corresponding reference names and authorities.

TreeGhatsData also includes ecological and biogeographic information from TBGRI and completed by the botanists of French Institute of Pondicherry (IFP).

Because most vegetation surveys do not provide taxon names at infraspecific level, TreeGhatsData includes both the infraspecific taxa mentioned in Western Ghats and the corresponding specific binomial names.

TreeGhatsData is provided as a CSV file with comma separator.

Related references

Bremer, B., Bremer, K., Chase, M. W., Fay, M. F., Reveal, J. L., Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Stevens, P. F., Anderberg, A. A., Moore, M. J., Olmstead, R. G., Rudall, P. J., Sytsma, K. J., Tank, D. C., Wurdack, K., Xiang, J. Q. Y. & Zmarzty, S. (2009) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161, 105-121.

Nayar, T., Rasiya Beegam, A. & Sibi, M. (2014) Flowering plants of the Western Ghats, India, Volume 1 Dicots; Volume 2 Monocots. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute.

Ramesh, B. & Pascal, J.-P. (1997) Atlas of endemics of the Western Ghats (India): distribution of tree species in the evergreen and semi-evergreen forests. French Institute of Pondicherry, Pondicherry, India.

This database is associated to a R package named TreeGhats, https://github.com/frmunoz/TreeGhats The database and the R package were presented during the 4th Indian Biodiversity Congress (IBC 2017) at Pondicherry, India. The related presentation is available here: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319188365_Towards_a_comprehensive_taxonomic_name_resolution_tool_and_phylogeny_generator_of_Western_Ghats_trees
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  • Nayar, T., Rasiya Beegam, A. & Sibi, M. (2014) Flowering plants of the Western Ghats, India, Volume 1 Dicots; Volume 2 Monocots. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute.

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