Journal article Open Access

An Analysis of Climate Forcings from the Central England Temperature (CET) Record

Alan D. Smith


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;The Central England Temperature (CET) record is the world's longest instrument-based temperature record and covers the years 1659-present. The temperature variation of 0.8°C between the Maunder Sunspot Minimum in the late 17&lt;sup&gt;th&lt;/sup&gt; Century and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the mid-late 18&lt;sup&gt;th&lt;/sup&gt; Century can be explained by fluctuations in solar output  (TSI) alone. Thereafter, approximately one third of the temperature increase to the present may be attributed to increases in atmospheric CO&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt;, with the anthropogenic contribution to Global Warming/Climate Change up to the end of the 20&lt;sup&gt;th&lt;/sup&gt; Century estimated at 0.4 to 0.5°C.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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