Journal article Open Access

Following Snowden: An International Survey

Murata, K.; Adams, A. A.; Lara Palma, A. M.

DataCite XML Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<resource xmlns:xsi="" xmlns="" xsi:schemaLocation="">
  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.813920</identifier>
      <creatorName>Murata, K.</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Meiji University (明治大学)</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Adams, A. A.</creatorName>
      <givenName>A. A.</givenName>
      <affiliation>Meiji University (明治大学)</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Lara Palma, A. M.</creatorName>
      <givenName>A. M.</givenName>
      <familyName>Lara Palma</familyName>
    <title>Following Snowden: An International Survey</title>
    <date dateType="Issued">2017-06-19</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Journal article</resourceType>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url"></alternateIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.813919</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf"></relatedIdentifier>
    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Non-Commercial (Any)</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">Purpose – This paper introduces a cross-cultural study of the views and implications of Snowden's
revelations about NSA/GCHQ surveillance practices, undertaken through surveys administered in
eight countries. The aims and the academic and social significance are explained and justification
offered for the methods used.
Design/methodology/approach – Pilot surveys were deployed in two countries, following which
revised versions were deployed in eight countries (including new collection in the original pilot
countries). Quantitative analysis of suitable answer sets (Yes/No; Likert scales) and quantitative
analysis (interpretation of free text answers) were performed.
Findings – Through the pilot survey studies conducted in Japan and Spain, the academic
significance and validity as well as social significance of the project were confirmed.
Social implications – The results of the cross-cultural study are expected to contribute not only to
the advance of surveillance studies but also to the enhancement of ordinary, non-technical people's
awareness of state surveillance and their proactive approach to protecting their own rights and
dignity from covert intrusion by government agencies.
Originality/value – This paper clarifies the importance and methodologies of investigating the
social impact of Snowden's revelations on youngsters' attitudes toward privacy and state
surveillance in a cross-cultural analysis framework. Although a few other studies have looked at the
impact of Snowden's revelations, these have mostly focussed on the US, so this is the only study to
date considering that impact on a broad international scale, using highly similar surveys to ensure
comparability. This record was migrated from the OpenDepot repository service in June, 2017 before shutting down.</description>
All versions This version
Views 6868
Downloads 3737
Data volume 4.2 MB4.2 MB
Unique views 6666
Unique downloads 3636


Cite as