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Supplementary Data: The Benefits of Cooperation in a Highly Renewable European Electricity Network

Schlachtberger, David; Brown, Tom; Schramm, Stefan; Greiner, Martin

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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.804338</identifier>
      <creatorName>Schlachtberger, David</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Frankfurt am Main, Germany</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Brown, Tom</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Frankfurt am Main, Germany</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Schramm, Stefan</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Frankfurt am Main, Germany</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Greiner, Martin</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Department of Engineering, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark</affiliation>
    <title>Supplementary Data: The Benefits of Cooperation in a Highly Renewable European Electricity Network</title>
    <date dateType="Issued">2017-06-08</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Dataset"/>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url"></alternateIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsSupplementTo">10.1016/</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.804337</relatedIdentifier>
    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Supplementary Data&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;em&gt;The Benefits of Cooperation in a Highly Renewable European Electricity Network&lt;/em&gt;&lt;br&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The files in this record contain the model-specific code, input data, and output data considered in the Benefits of Cooperation paper.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;You are welcome to use the provided data under the given open-source licence, and if you do please cite the paper &lt;em&gt;doi:10.1016/;/em&gt;.&lt;br&gt;
Please note that the derivation of the data in data/renewables/ is not open, because it uses the REatlas software [7] which has a closed source server part. (There is an free software implementation of the REatlas at but it wasn't ready in time to be used for this dataset.)&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The code that is required to generate the output data consists of&lt;/p&gt;

	&lt;li&gt;the python code that builds and runs the PyPSA [0] model&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;a SLURM script to run the model with different parameters&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;a YAML file options.yml with the default parameter settings&lt;/li&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The code heavily relies on the python package &lt;em&gt;vresutils&lt;/em&gt; which is available at;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The record also contains the input data in the data/ directory. They are described in detail in the paper, but a short summary is provided here:&lt;/p&gt;

	&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;costs&lt;/strong&gt;: cost and other input parameter assumptions, see &lt;em&gt;Table 1&lt;/em&gt; in the paper.&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;graph&lt;/strong&gt;: the network topology is given by a list of nodes (country names) and a list of edges connecting two nodes. Based on [1,2].&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;hydro&lt;/strong&gt;: hydro generation data provided by the Restore2050 project [3]
		&lt;li&gt;inflow/: contains a csv files with daily inflow data for each country&lt;/li&gt;
		&lt;li&gt;emil_hydro_capas.csv: country-scale power and energy capacity&lt;/li&gt;
		&lt;li&gt;ror_ENTSOe_Restore2050.csv: the share of run-of-river of the total hydro generation, from ENTSO-E [4] or if unavailable from [3]&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;load&lt;/strong&gt;: hourly country-scale consumption for 2011 from ENTSO-E [5]&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;renewables&lt;/strong&gt;: generation potentials for the renewable technologies onshore wind, offshore wind, and solar per country based on historic weather data [6]. The jupyter-notebook europe_renewables_potentials.ipynb describes the data generation and uses the REatlas software [7] which has open-source client but closed-source server software. The used cutout can therefore not be made available here, but is solely based on data from [8]. The processed data are in:
		&lt;li&gt;store_p_nom_max/: installation potential per technology per region&lt;/li&gt;
		&lt;li&gt;store_o_max_pu_betas/: hourly maximum generation per unit of capacity per technology per region&lt;/li&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The output data generated by the model is in sub-folders of the results/ directory following the naming scheme [costsource]-CO[CO2costs]-T[timerange]-[technologies]-LV[linevolume]_c[crossover]_base_[costsource]_solar1_7_[formulation]-[startdate]/, where&lt;/p&gt;

	&lt;li&gt;costsource = diw2030&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;CO2costs = 0&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;timerange = 1_8761&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;technologies = wWsgrpHb&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;linevolume = [float], None (line volume constraint of float * 5e8 TWkm, or optimised line volume)&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;crossover = 0 (deactivated the cross-over phase of the Gurobi optimiser)&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;formulation = angles, [blank] (power flow formulations: 'angles', or 'cycles')&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;startdate = time the optimisation was started&lt;/li&gt;


&lt;p&gt;[0] ,;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;[1] S Becker, Transmission grid extensions in renewable electricity systems, PhD thesis (2015)&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;[2] ENTSO-E, Indicative values for Net Transfer Capacities (NTC) in Continental Europe. European Transmission System Operators, 2011,, accessed Jul 2014.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;[3] A Kies, K Chattopadhyay, L von Bremen, E Lorenz, D Heinemann, Simulation of renewable feed-in for power system studies, RESTORE 2050 project report,;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;[4] European Transmission System Operators, Installed Capacity per Production Type in 2015, ENTSO-E (2016),;/p&gt;


&lt;p&gt;[6] D. Heide, M. Greiner, L. Von Bremen, C. Hoffmann, Reduced storage and balancing needs in a fully renewable European power system with excess wind and solar power generation, Renewable Energy 36 (9) (2011) 2515–2523.;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;[7] G. B. Andresen, A. A. Søndergaard, M. Greiner, Validation of Danish wind time series from a new global renewable energy atlas for energy system analysis, Energy 93, Part 1 (2015) 1074 – 1088.;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;[8] S Saha et al., 2014: The NCEP Climate Forecast System Version 2. J. Climate, 27, 2185–2208,;/p&gt;</description>
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