Journal article Open Access

Gender Differences in Body Image Perception among Northern Malaysian Tertiary Students

Wong, Lee-Min; Say, Yee-How


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    <subfield code="u">Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR) Perak Campus, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Barat, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR) Perak Campus, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Barat, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia.</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Wong, Lee-Min</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Gender Differences in Body Image Perception among Northern Malaysian Tertiary Students</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Aims: This study examined the association of socio-cultural and psychological factors with body shape concern, perception and body weight perception among tertiary students of Northern Malaysia. Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Universiti and Kolej Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR and KTAR), Perak campuses, between August 2011 and January 2012. Methodology: A total of 1003 students were recruited (M = 431, F = 572; mean age 19.96 &amp;plusmn; 1.51) and their body image perception were assessed using Body Shape Concern Questionnaire, Body Weight Perception Questionnaire, Body Shape Perception Questionnaire (Stunkard Silhouette Chart), Multidimensional Body Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ), Rosenberg&amp;rsquo;s Self-Esteem Scale (RSE) and Quality of Life measurement. Results: More females than males had problems with their body shape, where more females desired a thinner body size and vice versa for males. There was misperception of opposite sex&amp;rsquo;s perception of attractive body shape, where males chose a larger figure for attractive body shape of female compared to females themselves, and vice versa. Overweight students had significantly lower parental/peer acceptance, higher body shape satisfaction and hence lower body weight/shape anxiety, and made lesser body shape comparison compared to other counterparts. Quality of life and self-esteem were significantly negatively correlated with body satisfaction. Conclusion: Male and female Malaysian tertiary students were concerned with their body shape and perceived their body weight/shape differently.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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