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Journal article Open Access

An open-source Julia tool for holistic transmission and distribution grid planning

Matteo Rossini; Hakan Ergun; Marco Rossi

In the ever complex world of the power systems, robust decision making in the context of investment planning becomes a difficult problem. In the decision making process, the costs and benefits of implementing complementary or competing technologies (AC versus DC or storage versus classical transmission expansion) need to be assessed. Additionally, the electrification of industrial demand and the integration of smart loads, such as heat pumps or electric vehicles, pave the way for demand flexibility provision on large scale. Considering that the majority of the demand flexibility is located in the distribution grid, there is a need for planning models and tools able to perform combined transmission and distribution grid planning.
This paper introduces FlexPlan.jl, a Julia/JuMP-based opensource tool for holistic planning of transmission and distribution
grids which includes a complete set of planning candidates for transmission and distribution networks and fully internalizes
demand flexibility and storage usage. We use stochastic optimisation, in order to find robust decisions with respect to
different climate conditions and operating hours within given climate years. To keep the optimisation problem tractable, we
introduce a novel decomposition between the transmission and distribution grid planning problems. We demonstrate that using
the proposed approach a speed improvement of up to 100 times can be achieved for cases with a large number of distribution
grids, with negligible increase of the objective function value and a good solution quality in terms of power flow.
Index Terms—Holistic planning, mixed-integer optimisation, transmission grid planning, distribution grid planning, demand
flexibility, storage, hvdc.

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