Journal article Open Access
Daniel Amente KENEA; Dereje Terefe; Bersisa Kecho
The existence of vibrant, effective, and functional institutions is the backbone for the realization of development aspirations and prosperity of societies. Nevertheless, most developing countries institutions lack the required capacity to effectively discharge their vested responsibilities. This ultimately hinders the nations development. This article is aimed at pinpointing the major challenges affecting the capacity of institutions and deterring effective service delivery and thereby suggesting the way forward. To this end, different theoretical and empirical works conducted on the Ethiopian context were reviewed. The review results illustrate employees’ incompetence and imbalance at different levels of government agencies in budgetary allocation and distribution which in turn is affecting the degree of transparency, accountability, and responsiveness. Besides, the review also identified the existence of serious gap in making public institutions responsive to the demands of the citizenry. Aimed at establishing vibrant and effective institutions, the authors among others, suggested building linkage, good relationship, and synergy among different public and private organizations. Furthermore, considering human capital development as a cornerstone for institutional capacity building, it requires providing demand-driven and quality-oriented practical training for land sector employees and stakeholders to bridge the existing capacity deficit.
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