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TRIPLE Deliverable: D2.5 - Report on Data Enrichment

De Santis, Luca

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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.7359654</identifier>
      <creatorName>De Santis, Luca</creatorName>
      <familyName>De Santis</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0003-0527-840X</nameIdentifier>
    <title>TRIPLE Deliverable: D2.5 - Report on Data Enrichment</title>
    <subject>Data enrichment</subject>
    <subject>Open Science</subject>
    <date dateType="Issued">2022-09-30</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Project deliverable</resourceType>
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    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.7359653</relatedIdentifier>
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    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;In this deliverable, the strategies for data enrichment in TRIPLE are presented. Through the Core&amp;nbsp;Pipeline, named SCRE, metadata regarding publications and projects for the Social Sciences and&amp;nbsp;Humanities are automatically harvested, mapped in the TRIPLE data model, curated, enriched&amp;nbsp;and finally saved in the GoTriple platform&amp;rsquo;s indexes.&lt;br&gt;
The document starts by presenting the ways SCRE imports publications metadata from&amp;nbsp;OAI-PMH endpoints, OpenAIRE and Isidore data dumps. This reflects the strategies for&amp;nbsp;integrating content which was planned in the project. On the one hand, OAI-PMH is a&lt;br&gt;
well-known and established standard for content harvesting: many data providers, especially&amp;nbsp;those of small dimension, support it, facilitating therefore their onboarding in GoTriple. The&amp;nbsp;support for OpenAIRE and Isidore, on the other hand, responds to the wish to also harvest data&amp;nbsp;from large aggregators, a strategy that allowed GoTriple to quickly present a significant amount&lt;br&gt;
of publications in its index (more than 4 million at the time of writing).&lt;br&gt;
Then the normalisation strategies applied to the acquired metadata are described. By analysing&amp;nbsp;the first batches of acquired data, it has been decided to define the rules to normalise and clean&amp;nbsp;the attributes for the following metadata: publication date, language codes, keywords,&amp;nbsp;document types, licences, access rights and authors&amp;rsquo; names. In the document, the definition of&lt;br&gt;
controlled vocabularies for some of these attributes is also presented.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Then enrichment services are explained, including language recognition, translation, automatic&amp;nbsp;classification and annotation.&lt;br&gt;
The services to detect duplicate publications and to disambiguate authors are also discussed,&amp;nbsp;followed by the presentation of the acquisition and processing of project metadata&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Some final remarks on the data enrichment process, including the difficulties that have been&lt;br&gt;
faced and solved, conclude the document.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
    <description descriptionType="Other">The TRIPLE project (, which is financed under the Horizon 2020 framework, under Grant Agreement No. 863420, with approx. 5.6 million Euros for a duration of 42 months (2019-2023). The content of this deliverable reflects only TRIPLE's view and the Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
At the heart of the project is the development of the GoTriple platform (, an innovative multilingual and multicultural discovery solution.</description>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/100010661</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/863420/">863420</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Transforming Research through Innovative Practices for Linked interdisciplinary Exploration</awardTitle>
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