Poster Open Access

The SNSF MARK16 Project. The first virtual research environment focused on a biblical chapter

Nury, Elisa; Monier, Mina

DARIAH-CH Study Day 2022 - The SNSF MARK16 project

Mina Monier and Elisa Nury (DH+, SIB)

This poster will present the virtual research environment (VRE) of the five-year SNSF project MARK16, the first VRE focused on a biblical chapter ( The last chapter of Mark is a well-known enigma of New Testament textual criticism (NTTC): at least six different endings have been listed (e.g. Focant, 2006; Clivaz 2019a). We presumed that many useful manuscripts have not yet been studied, and therefore, should be explored. This led to significant primary results that were gradually documented during our research (Monier 2019, 2021 & 2022; Clivaz 2020, 2021). To support the harvest of results, we have created a VRE in four parts (Clivaz, 2019b): the main part of the MARK16 VRE holds 55 items visualized in a Manuscript Room application (, with the code on Github ( Prepared in collaboration with the New Testament Virtual Manuscript Room (INTF, Münster), it provides folios of Mark 16 from ancient manuscripts in ten ancient languages. More than 20 international colleagues are MARK16 partners, and data have been nominally published in Nakala, the Huma-Num open public repository ( The second part, Interpretations, presents scholarly individual opinions on Mark’s endings from the team and some colleagues ( It uses the tool eTalk, with the API on Github ( The third part, Material, presents relevant material from the printed and digital cultures, like printed editions, articles, and also multimedia publications on Mark 16 ( The fourth part, forthcoming, Dataviz (https:// is building a geographical map in collaboration with the network Pelagios.

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  • Clivaz, Claire. "Mk 16 im Codex Bobbiensis. Neue Materialien zur conclusio brevior des Markusevangeliums." Zeitschrift für Neues Testament 47/24 (2021), p. 59-85,

  • Clivaz, Claire. "Looking at Scribal Practices in the Endings of Mark 16", Henoch 42 (2020/2), special issue edited by P. Pouchelle and J.-S. Rey, p. 373-387,

  • Clivaz, Claire. "Returning to Mark 16,8: What's New?" Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 96/4 (2019a), p. 645-659;

  • Clivaz, Claire, "The Impact of Digital Research: Thinking about the MARK16 Project." Open Theology 5/1 (2019b): 1-12;

  • Clivaz, Claire, Mina Monier and Jonathan Barda, "MARK16 as Virtual Research Environment. Challenges and Opportunities in New Testament Studies". In "Ancient Manuscripts and Virtual Research Environments," ed. Claire Clivaz and Garrick V. Allen, special issue, Classics@ 18. [N.p.]

  • Focant, Camille. "Un silence qui fait parler (Mc 16,8)." In Marc, un évangile étonnant, Recueil d'essais, Camille Focant., 194:341–58. BEThL. Leuven: Peeters, 2006.

  • Monier, Mina. 2022. "Mark's Endings in Context: Paratexts and Codicological Remarks" Religions 13, no. 6: 548.

  • Monier, Mina, "Mark's Ending in the Digital Age: Paratextual Evidence, New Findings and Transcription Challenges", Postscripts: The Journal of Sacred Texts, Cultural Histories, and Contemporary Contexts 12 (2021/1), p. 75-98; open access (green road):;

  • Monier, Mina, "GA 304, Theophylact's Commentary and the Ending of Mark." Filología Neotestamentaria 52 (2019), p. 94-106;

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