Journal article Open Access

Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria

BELLO, Ruth Eleojo; OLORUNMONU, Ruth Oluyomi

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasingly prevalent problem worldwide. Treatment of end stage kidney disease is beyond the reach of an average Nigerian. The prevention and early detection are imperative to reducing its burden. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin Kwara state. It was a retrospective study of patients with chronic kidney disease managed in University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin Kwara state over a 36-month period from January 2017 to December 2019. Relevant data were collected directly from renal care centre clinic and admission and discharge register and statistical package for social sciences was used to analyze the data collected. The findings of the study revealed that the prevalence of some established chronic kidney disease risk factors was hypertension has 454 (33.2%), diabetic mellitus has 246 (18.1%), chronic glomerulonephritis has167 (12.2%), autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease has 59 (4.3%), diabetic mellitus and hypertension has148 (10.8%) among others. The hypotheses of the study were tested using chi-square tests; two of the null hypotheses were not rejected while one null hypothesis was rejected. It was concluded that effective control of the modifiable risk factors identified will assist in reducing the burden of chronic kidney disease. It was recommended among others that the public should be enlightened to desist from habits that can lead to kidney failure so as to reduce the rate at which patients with kidney disease increase.

Keywords: kidney disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease,

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