Journal article Open Access

PREVALENCE OF VACCINE HESITANCY AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG SAUDI MOTHERS ATTENDING PHCS IN TAIF CITY, SAUDI ARABIA

Asma Aish Altalhi


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;Background: &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;Despite the outstanding achievements in public health, especially the vaccinations system. An emerging phenomenon called vaccine hesitancy tends to be a significant obstacle that hinders the continuity of the herd immunity that all scientists with governments have built in the last decades. &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;Objectives: &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;This study aimed to evaluate the level of parental vaccination hesitancy (PVH) among Saudi mothers and to identify the factors that may impact their confidence to vaccinate their children. &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;Methods: &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;A cross-sectional study was conducted on Saudi mothers attending primary healthcare centers in Taif city, Saudi Arabia&lt;/em&gt;&lt;em&gt;. Data were collected through a valid questionnaire designed by the SAGE (Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization) in June 2022.&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;Results: &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;A total of 224 mothers were included. The majority were aged 24 to 29 years old (28.1%). Around 63% completed their bachelor&amp;rsquo;s degree, and about 73% were working females. They frequently get their vaccine information from hospitals (35.7%) and social media platforms (35.7%).&lt;/em&gt;&lt;em&gt; Upon evaluating PVH-associated factors, graduate and working mothers were less hesitant toward vaccination than non-graduate mothers (p=0.025, 0.047, respectively). Rural area women were more confident about vaccinating their children (p=0.001).&amp;nbsp; Mothers who received vaccination awareness from hospitals were more hesitant to vaccinate their children (p=0.001).&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;Conclusion: &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;A &lt;/em&gt;&lt;em&gt;significant proportion of Saudi mothers experience PVH. This hesitancy is lower among working mothers with a high level of education who live in rural areas. Mothers who get information from healthcare providers also tend to be less confident about vaccinations. Awareness&lt;/em&gt;&lt;em&gt; about the safety and efficacy of childhood vaccinations should be raised among the Saudi community to limit preventable diseases.&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;Keywords: &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;em&gt;Parental vaccination hesitancy, Immunization, Saudi mothers, Vaccine.&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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