Journal article Open Access

APHRODISIAC ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF AMARANTHUS TRICOLOR L. IN WISTAR RATS

Dheeraj Kumar, Mr Balweer SIngh Kirar, Dr. Alok Pal Jain

The Leaves of Amaranthus tricolor are popular for their aphrodisiac and immunostimulatory properties. The herbs have been traditionally used as Vajikaran Rasayana herbs because of their putative positive influence on sexual performance in humans. Hydroalcoholic extract of Amaranthus tricolor leaves were studied for sexual behavior effects in male albino rats and compared with untreated control group animals. The rats were evaluated for effect of treatments on anabolic effect. Seven measures of sexual behavior were evaluated. Administration of 300 mg/kg body weight of the Hydroalcoholic extract of Amaranthus tricolor leaves had pronounced anabolic effect in treated animals as evidenced by weight gains in the body and reproductive organs. There was a significant variation in the sexual behavior of animals as reflected by reduction of mount latency, ejaculation latency, post ejaculatory latency, intromission latency, and an increase of mount frequency. Penile erection (indicated by Penile Erection Index) was also considerably enhanced. Reduced hesitation time (an indicator of attraction towards female in treated rats) also indicated an improvement in sexual behavior of extract treated animals. The observed effects appear to be attributable to the testosterone-like effects of the extracts.

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