Report Open Access
Kenneth A. Krieger, Ph.D.; Mr. Ed Hammett
Three objectives were addressed in this project: (1) recommend a subset of reference stations for sampling mayflies in the western and central basins based on the analysis of accumulated information from ongoing data collections; (2) census mayfly nymph densities in May and June 2002 at over 30 central basin stations and at seven reference stations in the western basin; (3) apply new and previous data to modify the methodology for the mayfly metric in a revised Lake Erie Quality Index (LEQI).
Baker, D. B., and R. P. Richards. 2002. Phosphorus budgets and riverine phosphorus export in northwestern Ohio watersheds. Journal of Environmental Quality 31:96-108.
Bertram, P., and N. Stadler-Salt. 2000. State of the Lakes Ecosystem Conference: selection of indicators for Great Lakes Basin ecosystem health. Version 4. U.S. EPA and Environment Canada. 28 pp. http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/solec/
Bridgeman, T. B., and D. W. Schloesser. 2003. Summer stratification, hypoxia, and mayfly recruitment in the western basin of Lake Erie. International Association for Great Lakes Research, 46th Conference on Great Lakes Research. Abstracts. p. 46.
Britt, N. W. 1955. Stratification in western Lake Erie in summer of 1953: effects on the Hexagenia (Ephemeroptera) population. Ecology 36:239-244.
Britt, N. W., J. T. Addis, and R. Engel. 1973. Limnological studies of the island area of western Lake Erie. Bulletin of the Ohio Biological Survey. n.s. 4(2). 85 pp.
Burns, N. M. 1985. Erie, the lake that survived. Rowman & Allanheld Publ., Totawa, New Jersey.
Corkum, L.D., J.J.H. Ciborowski, and R. Lazar. 1997. The distribution and contaminant burdens of adults of the burrowing mayfly, Hexagenia, in Lake Erie. J. Great Lakes Res. 23:383-390.
Environment Canada and US EPA. 2003. State of the Great Lakes 2003. Environment Canada and US Environmental Protection Agency. EPA 905-R-03-004. 102 pp.
Eriksen, C. H. 1963. Respiratory regulation in Ephemera simulans Walker and Hexagenia limbata (Serville) (Ephemeroptera). Journal of Experimental Biology 40:455-467.
Great Lakes Water Quality Board. 1987. 1987 report on Great Lakes water quality. App. B, Great Lakes Surveillance. Vol. 1. International Joint Commission, Windsor, Ontario.
Hanes, E. C., and J. J. H. Ciborowski. 1992. Effects of density and food limitation on size variation and mortality of larval Hexagenia rigida (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 70:1824-1832.
Kalff, J. 2002. Limnology: inland water ecosystems. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. 592 pp.
Krebs, C. J. 1999. Ecological methodology. 2nd Ed. Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, CA. 620 pp.
Krieger, K. A. 1999. Ecosystem change in Lake Erie: cause and effect of burrowing mayfly recolonization. Final Rept. to Ohio Lake Erie Office, Project LEPF-97-30. Toledo, Ohio. 31 pp. http://www.heidelberg.edu/offices/wql/LEPF-08-94.html
Krieger, K. A. 2000. Ecosystem change in Lake Erie: recolonization by burrowing mayflies and their contribution to fish diets. Final Rept. to Ohio Lake Erie Office, Project LEPF-97-30. Toledo, Ohio. 31 pp. http://www.heidelberg.edu/wql/mayflies-in-erie.html
Krieger, K. A. 2001. Tracking rapid population change of burrowing mayflies in the central basin of Lake Erie. Final Rept. to Ohio Lake Erie Office, Project SG 129-00. Toledo, Ohio. 8 pp. + app. http://www.heidelberg.edu/wql/mayflies-in-erie.html
Krieger, K. A. 2002. Confirmation of rapid population increase of burrowing mayflies in the central basin of Lake Erie. Final Rept. to Ohio Lake Erie Office, Project SG 145-01. Toledo, Ohio. 11 pp. + app. http://www.heidelberg.edu/wql/mayflies-in-erie.html
Krieger, K. A. 2003. Refining and implementing the mayfly (Hexagenia) metric of the Lake Erie Quality Index, proceedings of a workshop held 8-9 February 2002 at Heidelberg College, Tiffin, Ohio. 26 pp.
Krieger, K. A., and L. S. Ross. 1993. Changes in the benthic macroinvertebrate community of the Cleveland Harbor area of Lake Erie from 1978 to 1989. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19:237-249.
Krieger, K. A., D. W. Schloesser, B. A. Manny, C. E. Trisler, S. E. Heady, J. J. H. Ciborowski, and K. M. Muth. 1996. Recovery of burrowing mayflies (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae: Hexagenia) in western Lake Erie. Journal of Great Lakes Research 22:254-263.
Madenjian, C. P., D. W. Schloesser, and K. A. Krieger. 1998. Population models of burrowing mayfly recolonization in western Lake Erie. Ecological Applications 8:1206-1212.
Makarewicz, J. C., and P. Bertram. 1991. Evidence for the restoration of the Lake Erie ecosystem. BioScience 41:216-223.
Minitab. 2000a. MINITAB user's guide 1: data, graphics, and macros. Release 13 for Windows®. Minitab Inc.
Minitab. 2000b. MINITAB user's guide2: data analysis and quality tools. Release 13 for Windows®. Minitab Inc.
Nicholls, K. H., G. J. Hopkins, S. J. Standke, and L. Nakamoto. 2001. Trends in total phosphorus in Canadian near-shore waters of the Laurentian Great Lakes: 1976-1999. J. Great Lakes Res. 27:402-422.
OLEC (Ohio Lake Erie Commission). 1998. State of Ohio 1998 state of the lake report: Lake Erie Quality Index. 88 pp.
Reynoldson, T. B., and A. L. Hamilton. 1993. Historic changes in populations of burrowing mayflies (Hexagenia limbata) from Lake Erie based on sediment tusk profiles. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19:250-257.
Reynoldson, T. B., D. W. Schloesser, and B. A. Manny. 1989. Development of a benthic invertebrate objective for mesotrophic Great Lakes waters. Journal of Great Lakes Research 15:669-686.
Ryan, P. A., R. Knight, R. MacGregor, G. Towns, R. Hoopes, and W. Culligan. 2003. Fish-community goals and objectives for Lake Erie. Great Lakes Fisheries Commission Special Publication 03-02. 56 pp.
Schloesser, D. W., K. A. Krieger, J. J. H. Ciborowski, and L. D. Corkum. 2000. Recolonization and possible recovery of burrowing mayflies (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae: Hexagenia spp.) in Lake Erie of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Stress and Recovery 8:125-141.
Schloesser, D. W., and T. F. Nalepa. 2002. Comparison of 5 benthic samplers to collect burrowing mayfly nymphs (Hexagenia spp.: Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae) in sediments of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 21:487-501.
Wright, S., L. H. Tiffany, and W. M. Tidd. 1955. Limnological survey of western Lake Erie. U.S. Dept. Interior, Fish & Wildlife Service Special Scientific Report Fisheries No. 139.
Zar, J. H. 1999. Biostatistical analysis. 4th ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. 3