Journal article Open Access

Harput Yöresine Ait İlâhilerin Müzikal Analizi

BIYIK, Tacetdin


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    <subfield code="a">Citation/©: Bıyık, T. (2022). Harput Yöresine Ait İlâhilerin Müzikal Analizi. Theosophia, 4, 27-46.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;&amp;Ouml;z: &lt;/strong&gt;Bu &amp;ccedil;alışmada, Elazığ/Harput&amp;rsquo;ta genellikle y&amp;ouml;reye &amp;ouml;zg&amp;uuml; makam isimleri ile kullanılan veya sadece eser ismi ve formu zikredilerek tanımlanan anonim besteli il&amp;acirc;hi formundaki eserlerin Arel-Ezgi-Uzdilek sistemine g&amp;ouml;re m&amp;uuml;zikal yapılarının ve &amp;ouml;zelliklerinin, ayrıca makam ve us&amp;ucirc;l &amp;ouml;zelliklerinin tespit edilerek s&amp;ouml;z konusu eserlerin &amp;ouml;ncelikli olarak m&amp;uuml;zikal anlamda adlandırma ve tanımlanma probleminin &amp;ccedil;&amp;ouml;z&amp;uuml;mlenmesi ama&amp;ccedil;lanmıştır. Y&amp;ouml;rede yaygın olarak seslendirilen bu formdaki eserlerin &amp;ccedil;oğunlukla halk m&amp;ucirc;sikisinde kullanılan nota sistemi ile kaydedilmesinin doğurduğu karışıklığın T&amp;uuml;rk klasik/sanat/tasavvuf m&amp;ucirc;sikisinde kullanılan makam ve us&amp;ucirc;l isimleri ile tespit edilip giderilmesinin &amp;ouml;nemli olduğundan yola &amp;ccedil;ıkılarak tespit edilen 20 adet il&amp;acirc;hi formundaki eser incelendi. İl&amp;acirc;hi g&amp;uuml;ftelerinin d&amp;ouml;şendiği ezgiler olduk&amp;ccedil;a kısa ve sade, ses genişlikleri genelde bir oktav ya da oktavdan daha dardır. Bazı eserlerde makamı oluşturan d&amp;ouml;rtl&amp;uuml; ve beşlilerin sadece bir kısmı kullanılmış, makamın b&amp;uuml;t&amp;uuml;n &amp;ouml;zelliklerini g&amp;ouml;sterecek mahiyette bir esere rastlanmamıştır. Eserlerin hemen hemen tamamında geleneksel Harput m&amp;ucirc;sikisinin nağmelerini bulmak m&amp;uuml;mk&amp;uuml;nd&amp;uuml;r. Ayrıca, din&amp;icirc; i&amp;ccedil;erikli eserlerle din&amp;icirc; nitelikte olmayan eserler m&amp;uuml;zikal anlamda hem teknik hem de &amp;uuml;slup bakımından b&amp;uuml;y&amp;uuml;k benzerlikler g&amp;ouml;stermektedir.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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