Project deliverable Open Access

Management Recommendation 2

Boampong, Joshua; Olsen, Karin; Jensen, Daniel; Mikkelsen, Nina; Kochanska, Adrianna; Rodriguez, Alexandre; Doblado, Sonia; Chapela, Rosa; Navarro, Gabriel; Rincón Hidalgo, Margarita; Ruiz, Javier; Teijeria, Francisco; Martin, Juana; Stobberup, Kim; Erzini, Karim; Kvalvik, Ingrid; Herrera, Miguel; Morón, Julio; Touron-Gardic, Grégoire; Failler, Pierre

More than 20% of the catches of the European fishing fleet are caught in non-European waters. Access to fish in these waters is based on agreements with coastal states. EU pays for access to fish from surplus stocks. These agreements have been criticised, as the fisheries are sometimes poorly regulated, and management decisions are often based on limited knowledge. In addition, the level of compliance is considered low, and enforcement capabilities are limited. In many cases, the trust between different stakeholders involved in a fishery is low. The FarFish project aimed to overcome these challenges.

The FarFish project was designed around six case studies (CSs) in fishing areas where the European fleet is active, namely Cape Verde, Mauritania, Senegal, Seychelles, and the international high-seas areas in the South East and South West Atlantic. This document serves as the second proposal for management recommendations (MR2) for each FarFish CSs. The MRs are arrangements between relevant management authorities and the operators in the respective CSs. The MR defines the actors/partners in the fishery and their roles, the agreed management objectives for the fishery, the management rules and regulations that apply, and other relevant details about the fishery. We apply the results-based management (RBM) when developing the MR in each CS.
The RBM approach aims to reduce micro-management by involving stakeholders and increasing the degree of co-management by delegating responsibilities to resource users. According to this approach, the formal responsibility for developing the MRs is largely delegated to the resource users e.g. EU fishing fleet. Yet, within the FarFish CSs, the formal responsibility is a common venture involving both the authorities in the EU and in the coastal state in question, and the European operators. This means that third state (e.g., China, Korea, Japan, Russia) activity is left outside these MRs. However, getting these MRs in place creates arenas for dialogue and allows for informal discussions with third country authority and operator representatives. This may in turn facilitate common agreements to enhance sustainability in the fishery in question.
The FarFish project does not intend to replicate measures that are already being worked on within the contexts of the SFPA agreements, national management authorities, or RFMOs. We, therefore, address issues that can potentially support these previously initiated measures and thereby be of added benefit to authorities and operators. To ensure relevance and impact FarFish involved respective CS authorities, RFMOs, and other stakeholders, to decide on where the project can be of greatest benefit, to support the ongoing measures.

This report contains the revised MR2 for the six FarFish Case studies.

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