Journal article Open Access

Immediate Short-term Outcomes of Distal Radius Metaphyseal Fractures in Children

Philani Ntombela1*; Winifred Mukiibi; Loyiso Gqamana; Mmampapatla Ramokgopa


Dublin Core Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<oai_dc:dc xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:oai_dc="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc.xsd">
  <dc:creator>Philani Ntombela1*</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Winifred Mukiibi</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Loyiso Gqamana</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Mmampapatla Ramokgopa</dc:creator>
  <dc:date>2022-05-31</dc:date>
  <dc:description>Introduction 

Distal radius fractures are one of the commonest fractures in chil- dren [1]. Thirty percent (30%) to 40% of paediatric fractures occur in the forearm [2]. Fractures in the distal third of the forearm ac- count for 75% to 84% [1,2]. This is followed by diaphyseal fractures and fractures to the growth plate respectively [3]. Management of these fractures has many controversies. These range from manipu lation under anaesthesia (MUA) and casting alone versus the use of percutaneous pinning; the use of an above-elbow cast versus a forearm cast and the acceptable limits in cases of re-displacement. The aim of this project is to determine the immediate short-term outcomes of anagement in children treated for distal radius fractures. The distal radius is responsible for 80% of forearm growth and 40% overall upper extremity growth [4]. As a result, some studies report a radial and dorsal angular deformity up to 39° and 22° volar angulation with complete displacement to correct fully in children up to 10 years old [5].

Wim VAN Leemput reported an average of 7.5 months duration for remodelling in children with an open physis [6]. Major complications following distal radius fractures are rare [4], the commonly reported complication being the high rate of re-displacement (29–48%) [3,7]. McLauchlan in his randomized controlled trial (RCT) reported 21% of fractures to redisplace early after reduction [8]. Even after an anatomical reduction, loss of reduction (LOR) was observed in 24.6% [9]. A system atic review found percutaneous pinning to have a positive effect on maintaining the initial reduction and reducing fracture complica tion rate [10]. However, the decision for insertion of Kirchner-wires (k-wires) is not without controversy. Indications are unclear.</dc:description>
  <dc:identifier>https://zenodo.org/record/6601116</dc:identifier>
  <dc:identifier>10.5281/zenodo.6601116</dc:identifier>
  <dc:identifier>oai:zenodo.org:6601116</dc:identifier>
  <dc:relation>doi:10.5281/zenodo.6601115</dc:relation>
  <dc:rights>info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess</dc:rights>
  <dc:rights>https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode</dc:rights>
  <dc:source>Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Care 3(1) 1-6</dc:source>
  <dc:title>Immediate Short-term Outcomes of Distal Radius Metaphyseal Fractures in Children</dc:title>
  <dc:type>info:eu-repo/semantics/article</dc:type>
  <dc:type>publication-article</dc:type>
</oai_dc:dc>
40
28
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 4040
Downloads 2828
Data volume 13.0 MB13.0 MB
Unique views 3333
Unique downloads 2626

Share

Cite as