Report Open Access

Stakeholders of (De-) Radicalisation in Hungary

Daniel Gyollai

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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;This report provides a brief presentation of the context, structures and stakeholders of (de-)radicalisation in contemporary Hungary. The prevalent form of radicalisation in present-day Hungary is right-wing extremism mixed with ethno-nationalist, anti-establishment and religious elements, shaped by the legacy of Trianon, the Horthy-era&lt;a href=""&gt;&lt;sup&gt;[1]&lt;/sup&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;and the fascist Arrow Cross Party (Nyilaskeresztes P&amp;aacute;rt).&lt;a href=""&gt;&lt;sup&gt;[2]&lt;/sup&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;The most significant events that prompted radicalisation were party politics right after the collapse of the one-party system in 1989; the socio-economic situation and subsequent crisis of the socialist-liberal government in 2006; and the so-called &amp;ldquo;refugee crisis&amp;rdquo; in 2015. Right-wing polarisation led to the most shocking events in contemporary Hungary, the Roma murders in 2008-2009. Besides Roma, the usual targets of violence are Jews, migrants and the LGBTQI community. There have been several far-right group formations since the collapse of the communist regime in 1989. However, the Fidesz-KDNP&lt;a href=""&gt;&lt;sup&gt;[3]&lt;/sup&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;party alliance currently in power has systematically taken over the platform and narratives of Jobbik.&lt;a href=""&gt;&lt;sup&gt;[4]&lt;/sup&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;While the latter has been moving to the centre, the former has become gradually more radical both in terms of political discourse and social policy. Fidesz has essentially closed the political space and monopolised right-wing radicalisation in Hungary; social-liberal values, the Roma, migrants and LGBTQI communities have been under constant attack by the government. As a consequence, efforts of de-radicalisation and reducing hate crime remain with stakeholders, such as NGOs, charities and religious organisations.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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