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Report of the DANA 6/21 ECOTIP West Greenland 2021 Cruise: Investigations from off Nuuk to north of Disko Island

Munk, Peter; Hanse, Katrine Elnegaard; Davies, Joanna Martin; Törnroos-Remes, Anna; Armitage, Phoebe; Jacquot, Maité; Bastian, Daniel; Schmidt, Claudia Elena; Koziorowska-Makuch, Katarzyna; Reinthaler, Thomas; Amano, Chie; Baltar, Federico; Steenholdt, Søren; Svensen, Camilla; Dietrich, Ulrike; Asiedu, Delove; Jónasdóttir, Sigrun; Koski, Marja


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;A multidisciplinary cruise was carried out off west Greenland during the period 17/7 to 29/7&lt;br&gt;
(incl. transit 13/7 to 30/7) 2021, covering the area from north of Nuuk to north of Disko island&lt;br&gt;
by a set of latitudinal sampling transects. The plans for the cruise was challenged by corona&lt;br&gt;
restrictions necessitating changes to initial cruise track, and by generally windy working&lt;br&gt;
conditions, but overall, planned sampling activities were successfully carried out.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;br&gt;
This field work is an important element of the HORIZON-2020 supported project ECOTIP&lt;br&gt;
which is carried out from 2020 to 2024. ECOTIP aims at improving our understanding of&lt;br&gt;
anthropogenic changes in the biological production and diversity in the Arctic marine regions,&lt;br&gt;
and their effects on the ecosystem services. The work has special emphasis on the evaluation of&lt;br&gt;
whether a change in the lower trophic levels, due to the increased temperature and freshwater&lt;br&gt;
outflow, can trigger an ecosystem tipping cascade that ultimately will change the important&lt;br&gt;
benthic-pelagic coupling and carbon sequestration processes as well as the fisheries production.&lt;br&gt;
During the cruise several of ECOTIP&amp;rsquo;s scientific sub-topics were emphasized. Sampling and&lt;br&gt;
investigations were set up for assessment of hydrographic and ecosystem variability both from&lt;br&gt;
the coastal to offshore areas and from boreal areas off Nuuk to the Arctic areas north of Disko&lt;br&gt;
Bay, and sampling and measurements was to a large extent carried out at sites from which&lt;br&gt;
historical information is available. We measured biodiversity at trophic levels from bacteria to&lt;br&gt;
fish larvae, and carried out a wide range of process studies investigating e.g. microbial activity,&lt;br&gt;
benthic processes and the biological pump. Further, chemistry and pollution of the marine area&lt;br&gt;
were considered.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;br&gt;
Many fundamental elements of the arctic marine ecosystem have already changed, and many&lt;br&gt;
observations and samples from the cruise contributes valuable new information to support the&lt;br&gt;
assessment and modeling of biological changes under the future climate scenarios.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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