Conference paper Open Access

Enrichment of Requirements Specifications with Videos - Enhancing the Comprehensibility of Textual Requirements

Karras, Oliver; Klünder, Jil; Schneider, Kurt


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.59011</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Karras, Oliver</creatorName>
      <givenName>Oliver</givenName>
      <familyName>Karras</familyName>
      <affiliation>Software Engineering Group, Leibniz Universität Hannover</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Klünder, Jil</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jil</givenName>
      <familyName>Klünder</familyName>
      <affiliation>Software Engineering Group, Leibniz Universität Hannover</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Schneider, Kurt</creatorName>
      <givenName>Kurt</givenName>
      <familyName>Schneider</familyName>
      <affiliation>Software Engineering Group, Leibniz Universität Hannover</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Enrichment of Requirements Specifications with Videos - Enhancing the Comprehensibility of Textual Requirements</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2016</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>Requirements specifications</subject>
    <subject>Requirements</subject>
    <subject>Guidelines</subject>
    <subject>Supplementary videos</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2016-09-08</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Conference paper</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/59011</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/tpdl_ws_videos_in_digital_libraries</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Zero v1.0 Universal</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Requirements for a software product are mainly shared through a textual&amp;nbsp; specification. One key ability in successful software organizations is a good requirements communication based on understandable information. Developers can only implement a useful and satisfying software product if they obtain and understand requirements properly. One challenge of writing requirements is to describe complex and interactive contents in an understandable manner.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Videos offer a large potential to achieve such an easy-to-understand representation. Attached videos can enhance the reader&amp;rsquo;s understanding by using them as supplementary material for specifications. Despite their large potential, videos are not an established part of requirements specifications: The effort to produce videos is high, the corresponding motivation is low and the use of videos is cumbersome due to missing links between requirements and videos.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;We propose guidelines to support the identification of content which is appropriate to be supplemented by videos. We develope a starting set of guidelines that consider the different information types of a requirements specification with their presentation modes and characteristics. This paper presents an overview of our findings about improving the content-related linking between requirements and videos. We discuss the perspectives, advantages and obstacles for enhancing the comprehensibility of textual requirements conveyed by videos.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
    <description descriptionType="Other">{"references": ["[1] \"ISO/IEC 25010:2011: Systems and software engineering \u2013 Systems and software product quality requirements and evaluation (square) \u2013 System and software quality models\", 2011.", "[2] M. Glinz, \"A Glossary of Requirements Engineering Terminology\", 2014.", "[3] M. Luisa, F. Mariangela, and N. I. Pierluigi, \"Market research for requirements analysis using linguistic tools\", Requirements Engineering, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 40\u201356, 2004.", "[4] S. Fricker and M. Glinz, \"Comparison of Requirements Hand-off, Analysis, and Negotiation: Case Study,\" in 2010 IEEE 18th International Conference on Requirements Engineering (RE).", "[5] M. Wieczorek, D. Vos, and H. Bons, Systems and Software Quality: The next step for industrialisation. Berlin, Heidelberg, s.l.: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014.", "[6] S. W. Ambler, Agile modeling: Effective practices for eXtreme programming and the unified process. New York: Wiley, 2002.", "[7] S. A. Fricker, K. Schneider, F. Fotrousi, and C. Thuemmler, \"Workshop videos for requirements communication,\" Requirements Engineering, 2015.", "[8] C. Rupp, Requirements-Engineering und -Management: Aus der Praxis von klassisch bis agil, 6th Edition, M\u00fcnchen: Hanser, 2014.", "[9] M. Jirotka and P. Luff, \"Supporting requirements with video-based analysis,\" IEEE Software, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 42\u201344, 2006.", "[10] F. Brun-Cottan and P. Wall, \"Using video to re-present the user,\" Commun. ACM, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 61\u201371, 1995.", "[11] T. DeMarco and C. Geertgens, \"Experience Report: Use of Video for Program Documentation,\" in Proceedings of the 12th international conference on Software engineering, Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press, 1990, pp. 126\u2013128.", "[12] O. Brill, K. Schneider, and E. Knauss, \"Videos vs. Use Cases: Can Videos Capture More Requirements under Time Pressure?,\" in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality, D. Hutchison et al. , Eds, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010, pp. 30\u201344.", "[13] O. Creighton, M. Ott, and B. Bruegge, \"Software Cinema-Video-based Requirements Engineering,\" in 14th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference, pp. 109\u2013118.", "[14] K. Schneider, \"Anforderungskl\u00e4rung mit Videoclips,\" in GI-Edition Proceedings, vol. 159, Software Engineering 2010: Fachtagung des GI-Fachbereichs Softwaretechnik, Paderborn, G. Engels and M. Luckey, Eds, Bonn: Ges. f\u00fcr Informatik, 2010.", "[15] P. J. Guo, J. Kim, and R. Rubin, \"How video production affects student engagement,\" in the first ACM conference, pp. 41\u201350.", "[16] E. Lackner, M. Ebner, and M. Kopp, \"How to MOOC? A pedagogical guideline for practitioners,\" 2014.", "[17] W. E. Mackay, \"Ethics, lies and videotape\u2026,\" in the SIGCHI conference, pp. 138\u2013145.", "[18] C. Plaisant and B. Shneiderman, \"Show Me! Guidelines for Producing Recorded Demonstrations,\" in 2005 IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages and Human-Centric Computing (VL/HCC'05), pp. 171\u2013178.", "[19] L. R. Carter and A. Karatsolis, \"Lessons from trying to develop a robust documentation exemplar,\" in the 27th ACM international conference, p. 199.", "[20] K. Schneider, \"Rationale as a By-Product,\" in Rationale Management in Software Engineering, A. H. Dutoit, R. McCall, I. Mistr\u00edk, and B. Paech, Eds: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006", "[21] E. Sauerwein, Das Kano-Modell der Kundenzufriedenheit: Reliabilit\u00e4t und Validit\u00e4t einer Methode zur Klassifizierung von Produkteigenschaften. Univ., Diss. \u2013 Innsbruck, 1998. Wiesbaden: Dt. Univ.-Verl, 2000."]}</description>
  </descriptions>
</resource>
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