Journal article Open Access

Towards value-creating and sustainable open data ecosystems: A comparative case study and a research agenda

van Loenen, Bastiaan; Zuiderwijk, Anneke; Vancauwenberghe, Glenn; Lopez-Pellicer, Francisco J.; Mulder, Ingrid; Alexopoulos, Charalampos; Magnussen, Rikke; Saddiqa, Mubashrah; Dulong de Rosnay, Melanie; Crompvoets, Joep; Polini, Andrea; Re, Barbara; Casiano Flores, Cesar

Abstract: Current open data systems lag behind in their promised value creation and sustainability. The objective of the current study is twofold: 1) to investigate whether existing open data systems meet the requirements of open data ecosystems, and 2) to develop a research agenda that discusses the gaps between current open data systems on the one hand and participatory, value-creating, sustainable open data ecosystems on the other hand. The literature reveals that the main characteristics of value-creating, sustainable open data ecosystems are user-drivenness, inclusiveness, circularity, and skill-based. Our comparative case study of five open data systems in various application domains and countries highlighted that none of these systems are real open data ecosystems: they often do not balance open data supply and demand, exclude specific user groups and domains, are linear, and lack skill-training. We elaborate on a research agenda that discusses how research should address the challenge of making open data ecosystems more value-generating and sustainable.

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