Poster Open Access

The Solar Dynamo Zoo

Egeland, Ricky; Soon, Willie; Baliunas, Sallie; Hall, Jeffrey C; Pevtsov, Alexei A.; Henry, Gregory W.

We present composite time series of Ca II H & K line core emission indices of up to 50 years in length for a set of 27 solar-analog stars (spectral types G0-G5; within ~10% of the solar mass) and the Sun.  These unique data are available thanks to the long-term dedicated efforts of the Mount Wilson Observatory HK project, the Lowell Observatory Solar-Stellar Spectrograph, and the National Solar Observatory/Air Force Research Laboratory/Sacramento Peak K-line monitoring program.  The Ca II H & K emission originates in the lower chromosphere and is strongly correlated with the presence of magnetic plage regions in the Sun.  These synoptic observations allow us to trace the patterns long-term magnetic variability and explore dynamo behavior over a wide range of rotation regimes and stellar evolution timescales.

In this poster, the Ca HK observations are expressed using the Mount Wilson S-index.  Each time series is accompanied by a Lomb-Scargle periodogram, fundemental stellar parameters derived from the Geneva-Copenhagen Survey, and statistics derived from the time series including the median S-index value and seasonal and long-term amplitudes.  Statistically significant periodogram peaks are ranked according to a new cycle quality metric.  We find that clear, simple, Sun-like cycles are the minority in this sample.

Poster #132
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