Journal article Open Access

The Health Belief Model (HBM) implementation to flood preparedness

Nur Laily; Anggun Wulandari; Lia Anggraini; Farid Ilham Muddin

One of the natural disasters that has a major impact to health is a flood. Community preparedness is part of disaster risk reduction. Previous research has found that there is a widely developed belief in society about disasters, namely, first, that disasters are unavoidable and thus nothing to worry about. Second, the health sector will manage risk, and disaster risk is not a problem. This leads to an underestimation of disaster preparedness. So that readiness is minimum and prevention is inadequate. The study of beliefs about flood disaster risk, especially on health and flood disaster preparedness in the community in Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan is important. This study aims to analyze the application of the Health Belief Model (HBM) in flood disaster preparedness in the community in Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan Province. This research is analytic, with approach cross sectional. The population in this study is the community in the Hulu Sungai Tengah district. The number of samples taken in the study were 81 people. The instrument that will be used in this research is a questionnaire in the form of a google form. The study was conducted in Hulu Sungai Tengah Regency in June-July 2021. Data analysis used chi-square with a 95% confidence degree. The results showed that the p-values of perceived vulnerability, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and self-efficacy for flood preparedness were 0.235; 0.575; 0.977; 0.249 and 0.976. This means that there is no significant relationship between perceptions of vulnerability, severity, benefits, barriers, and self-efficacy with flood preparedness.

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