Journal article Open Access

Le Certificat fédéral de capacité: la fin d'une centralité ?

Lamamra, Nadia; Moreau, Gilles


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    <subfield code="a">Le Certificat fédéral de capacité: la fin d'une centralité ?</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;R&amp;eacute;sum&amp;eacute;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Le CFC, Certiicat f&amp;eacute;d&amp;eacute;ral de capacit&amp;eacute;, est un dipl&amp;ocirc;me historique en Suisse. Depuis les ann&amp;eacute;es 1930, il est la r&amp;eacute;f&amp;eacute;rence pour la formation professionnelle de niveau secondaire. Gr&amp;acirc;ce &amp;agrave; lui, la formation par apprentissage s&amp;rsquo;est impos&amp;eacute;e en Suisse. Mais alors que son image reste forte, les r&amp;eacute;formes entreprises depuis les ann&amp;eacute;es 1990 signent la in de sa pr&amp;eacute;&amp;eacute;minence dans le syst&amp;egrave;me suisse des dipl&amp;ocirc;mes. De quasi monopolistique, il est devenu minoritaire, y compris dans la voie professionnelle&amp;nbsp;; cela est d&amp;ucirc; &amp;agrave; l&amp;rsquo;apparition de nouveaux dipl&amp;ocirc;mes et &amp;agrave; l&amp;rsquo;&amp;eacute;l&amp;eacute;vation constante des niveaux de formation, notamment dans le tertiaire (sup&amp;eacute;rieur).&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Summary&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The Federal VET Diploma is a historical qualiication in Switzerland. Created in the 1930&amp;rsquo;s, it has become a reference diploma at upper-secondary level. At the same time, the dual-track has become the predominant form of vocational education and training in Switzerland. Nevertheless, while the Federal VET Diploma has retained its very solid reputation, the reforms undertaken in the 1990&amp;rsquo;s put an end to its predominant status within the Swiss system of diplomas. It has moved from a virtually monopolistic situation to a minority one, due to the creation of new diplomas and the constant elevation of educational levels, in particular at tertiary education&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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