Journal article Open Access

MRI Image Segmentation, Prediction and Diagnostic Accuracy: Deep Learning Framework and Machine Learning Techniques Analysis for Reducing The impact of Cardiac Diseases

R. Kannan; V. Vasanthi


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        <foaf:name>R. Kannan</foaf:name>
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            <foaf:name>Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science, Rathinam College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>V. Vasanthi</foaf:name>
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            <foaf:name>Assistant Professor, Department of ICT, Sri Krishna Adithya College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.</foaf:name>
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    <dct:title>MRI Image Segmentation, Prediction and Diagnostic Accuracy: Deep Learning Framework and Machine Learning Techniques Analysis for Reducing The impact of Cardiac Diseases</dct:title>
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    <dcat:keyword>Machine learning, Deep learning, logistic regression, KNN algorithm, ROC Curve, Convolutional neural network, Heart disease.</dcat:keyword>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#date">2019-09-30</dct:issued>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;Background: Usage of tele - monitoring system of electronic patient record (EHR) and magnetic reasoning is expected to increase rapidly in near future, yet numerous studies have examined cardiovascular risk prediction and statistic adoptive approach could improve clinical risk prediction. Objectives: To assess the performance outcomes of various techniques for predicting the risk of cardiovascular diseases and MRI image segmentation method on the basis of systematic review. Research Design: Retrospective Cardiovascular study. We associate UCI dataset, AHA dataset, real time patient datasets, hospital dataset and sunny broken dataset from 2017 to 2019, and predicted risk using the logistic regression, stochastic gradient boosted, random forest, SVM, ROC Curve, KNN algorithm, MXNET UNET. Measures: The proposed methods have been developed in four categories to accurately diagnose cardiovascular diseases. We assessed to analyze and compared the accuracy of four different machine learning algorithms with the ROC for assessing and diagnosing cardiovascular disease from UCI cardiac datasets. The research will then focus on to predict heart diseases automatically by segmenting and classifying the patients&amp;rsquo; heart data in real- time with the help of machine learning algorithms, big data, wireless heart monitor and smart phones. We further improve the prediction accuracy by using logistic regression and ROC Curve to improve the prediction performance. Consequently, K- Nearest-Neighbor (KNN) method, R programming language and big data where applied to easily find the nearest hospitals, monitor and provide on-time visualization to the medical professionals. Finally, we propose automatic myocardial segmentation method for cardiac MRI on the basis of Deep Convolutional neural network. Results: Logistic Regression methods outperformed the standard accuracy rate even with application of ROC curve (AUC increased from 87% to 91%). Ever better performance was achieved in Models using additional Real time dataset attributes (AUC increased to 93% and KNN achieved approximately 83%). Proposed image segmentation method results tended using following techniques, Jaccard (0.6 &amp;plusmn; 0.1 mean accuracy Dice&amp;rsquo;s value) outplays the dices co efficient (0.58 &amp;plusmn; 0.1 mean accuracy Dice&amp;rsquo;s value) CCN reaches the value of the 0.9 (Table 7) and for the dice&amp;rsquo;s co-efficient respectively that can be compared to manual segmentation. The accuracy tended to decline while PM (Papillary muscles) we got 0.89 for the dice&amp;rsquo;s coefficient and mean squared error 0.01. Conclusions: The tele - monitoring system plays the important role for cardiovascular patients and the healthcare industry. Moreover, cardiac image classification demands a high level of expertise and significant time consumption on the part of the operator. Multicenter sufficiently powered and randomized controlled trials are needed to assess the potential benefits and cost-effectiveness of this intervention. Subsequently, our findings of image classification method will facilitate more advanced discovery.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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