Journal article Open Access
Tushar S. Khachane; Sangram Karandikar
Background: Diabetic peripheral sensorimotor neuropathy is one of the most prevalent neuropathic syndromes affecting around 50 % people with diabetes. Its development is gradual with subtle changes hence ignored. Early diagnosis using simple bedside tools is essential.
Methods: The prospective study of evaluation of peripheral neuropathy in diabetes involved examination of 500 diabetic patients for neuropathy. Pinprick, vibration sensation, perception of 5.07 Semmes Weinstein monofilament and Achilles tendon reflex were examined and impairment noted.
Results: 39 % patients had impairment of perception of Semmes Weinstein monofilament. Loss of pinprick sensation was found in 65.6 % in patients with diabetes for 5-10 years duration. Abnormal tendon reflex was seen in 64.2 % in patients with diabetes move than 10 years. Loss of Vibration (40.2 %), Wasting (16.6 %), loss of pinprick sensation (44.5%) and loss of abnormal tendon reflex (32.1 %) was found to be more common in type II diabetes.
Conclusion: Sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy was more common in long standing diabetes mellitus especially with impaired glycaemic control and type II diabetes mellitus.