Journal article Open Access

A Gold Nanoparticle Nanonuclease Relying on a Zn(II) Mononuclear Complex

Czescik, Joanna; Zamolo, Susanna; Darbre, Tamis; Rigo, Riccardo; Sissi, Claudia; Pecina, Adam; Riccardi, Laura; De Vivo, Marco; Mancin, Fabrizio; Scrimin, Paolo

Similarly to enzymes, functionalized gold nanoparticles efficiently catalyze chemical reactions, hence the term nanozymes. Herein, we present our results showing how surface-passivated gold nanoparticles behave as synthetic nanonucleases, able to cleave pBR322 plasmid DNA with the highest efficiency reported so far for catalysts based on a single metal ion mechanism. Experimental and computational data indicate that we have been successful in creating a catalytic site precisely mimicking that suggested for natural metallonucleases relying on a single metal ion for their activity. It comprises one Zn(II) ion to which a phosphate diester of DNA is coordinated. Importantly, as in nucleic acids-processing enzymes, a positively charged arginine plays a key role by assisting with transition state stabilization and by reducing the pKa of the nucleophilic alcohol of a serine. Our results also show how designing a catalyst for a model substrate (bis-p-nitrophenylphosphate) may provide wrong indications as for its efficiency when it is tested against the real target (plasmid DNA).

This project "CompNanozymes" has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 843117.
Files (1.7 MB)
Name Size
1.7 MB Download
Views 42
Downloads 47
Data volume 81.0 MB
Unique views 21
Unique downloads 46


Cite as