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Evaluation of Socio-Economic and Cultural Characteristics of Gender Involvement in Urban Informal Housing Development: A Case Of Southwestern Nigeria

Dorcas Oluwaseyi Adeoye, Bolaji Samuel Oladimeji, Olaitan Olutayo Odunola, Abosede Olubukola Akindele

The informal housing is most prevalent around the world as more population lives in settlements that are unplanned with poor conditions. This study evaluated the socio-economic characteristics of gender (male and female) in relation to urban informal housing development in South-western Nigeria. The cross-sectional survey design was adopted while multi-stage sampling technique was used. All the localities in each state capital of South-western Nigeria were identified and three localities were randomly selected. A structured questionnaire focusing on socio-economic characteristics (sex, age, income) and involvement in housing development was administered to the household-head in the selected residential buildings. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics, One-way Analysis of Variance and Chi-Square at p≤0.05 while qualitative data were content analysed. The ages of respondents were 34.46±10.23 (male) and 37±3 (female) years respectively. Males constituted 72.8% of respondents. Building construction ration between the genders (male: female) in Ado-Ekiti (75.0%:25.0%); Abeokuta (100.0%:0.0%); Akure (93.8%:6.2%); Ikeja (94.6%:5.4%); Ibadan (78.6%:21.4%); Osogbo (80.0%:20.0%). There were significant differences between male and female involvement in land procurement (χ2 =130.507) and housing construction (χ2=53.019) while building design and approval (χ2=115.893), housing finance provision (χ2=51.031) and building materials acquisition (χ2=27.873) were otherwise. Men participated more in informal urban housing development processes in south-western Nigeria. The study depicted that socio–economic characteristics of respondents were the determinant factors of their involvement in urban informal housing development.

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