Taxonomic treatment Open Access

Lista comentada das aves do Brasil pelo Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos – segunda edição

José Fernando Pacheco; Luís Fábio Silveira; Alexandre Aleixo; Carlos Eduardo Agne; Glayson A. Bencke; Gustavo A. Bravo; Guilherme R. R. Brito; Mario Cohn-Haft; Giovanni Nachtigall Maurício; Luciano N. Naka; Fabio Olmos; Sérgio R. Posso; Alexander C. Lees; Luiz Fernando A. Figueiredo; Eduardo Carrano; Reinaldo C. Guedes; Evaldo Cesari; Ismael Franz; Fabio Schunck; Vitor de Q. Piacentini


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    <dct:title>Lista comentada das aves do Brasil pelo Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos – segunda edição</dct:title>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;Uma vers&amp;atilde;o atualizada da lista comentada das aves do Brasil &amp;eacute; aqui apresentada, juntamente com um resumo das mudan&amp;ccedil;as aprovadas entre janeiro de&amp;nbsp;2016 e maio de 2021 pelos Subcomit&amp;ecirc;s de Taxonomia e Nomes Vern&amp;aacute;culos do CBRO. No total, 1.971 esp&amp;eacute;cies de aves t&amp;ecirc;m ocorr&amp;ecirc;ncia no Brasil respaldada por&amp;nbsp;evid&amp;ecirc;ncias documentais e s&amp;atilde;o admitidas na Lista Prim&amp;aacute;ria, 4,3% a mais do que na lista anterior. Onze esp&amp;eacute;cies adicionais s&amp;atilde;o conhecidas apenas por registros&amp;nbsp;n&amp;atilde;o documentados e comp&amp;otilde;em a Lista Secund&amp;aacute;ria. Al&amp;eacute;m disso, para cada esp&amp;eacute;cie da Lista Prim&amp;aacute;ria &amp;eacute; fornecido o status de ocorr&amp;ecirc;ncia no pa&amp;iacute;s e, no caso das esp&amp;eacute;cies polit&amp;iacute;picas, s&amp;atilde;o listadas as respectivas subesp&amp;eacute;cies presentes no territ&amp;oacute;rio nacional. Notas explicativas fundamentam as altera&amp;ccedil;&amp;otilde;es taxon&amp;ocirc;micas, corre&amp;ccedil;&amp;otilde;es nomenclaturais, novas ocorr&amp;ecirc;ncias e outras mudan&amp;ccedil;as implementadas ap&amp;oacute;s a &amp;uacute;ltima edi&amp;ccedil;&amp;atilde;o da lista. Noventa esp&amp;eacute;cies s&amp;atilde;o adicionadas &amp;agrave; Lista&amp;nbsp;Prim&amp;aacute;ria como resultado de descri&amp;ccedil;&amp;otilde;es, novas ocorr&amp;ecirc;ncias, desmembramentos taxon&amp;ocirc;micos e transfer&amp;ecirc;ncias a partir da lista secund&amp;aacute;ria por disponibilidade&amp;nbsp;de documenta&amp;ccedil;&amp;atilde;o. Por outro lado, oito esp&amp;eacute;cies s&amp;atilde;o sinonimizadas ou rebaixadas ao n&amp;iacute;vel subespec&amp;iacute;fico e, consequentemente, removidas da Lista Prim&amp;aacute;ria.&amp;nbsp;Ao todo, 293 esp&amp;eacute;cies s&amp;atilde;o indicadas como end&amp;ecirc;micas do pa&amp;iacute;s, situando o Brasil na terceira posi&amp;ccedil;&amp;atilde;o entre os pa&amp;iacute;ses com maior taxa de endemismo de aves&lt;br&gt; no mundo. Quanto ao status de ocorr&amp;ecirc;ncia, a avifauna brasileira comp&amp;otilde;e-se atualmente de 1.742 residentes ou migrantes reprodutivos, 126 visitantes n&amp;atilde;o&amp;nbsp;reprodutivos e 103 vagantes. A categoria que sofreu o maior incremento (56%) em compara&amp;ccedil;&amp;atilde;o com a lista anterior foi a de vagantes, sobretudo pela maior&amp;nbsp;contribui&amp;ccedil;&amp;atilde;o de observadores de aves na documenta&amp;ccedil;&amp;atilde;o de novas ocorr&amp;ecirc;ncias no pa&amp;iacute;s em anos recentes. A lista serve como refer&amp;ecirc;ncia atualizada sobre a&amp;nbsp;diversidade, sistem&amp;aacute;tica, taxonomia, nomenclatura cient&amp;iacute;fica e vern&amp;aacute;cula e status de ocorr&amp;ecirc;ncia das aves do Brasil.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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