Journal article Open Access

Influences of Planning Policies on Community Shaping in China: From Past to Present

Liu, Jian


DCAT Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:adms="http://www.w3.org/ns/adms#" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dct="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dctype="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/" xmlns:dcat="http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#" xmlns:duv="http://www.w3.org/ns/duv#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:frapo="http://purl.org/cerif/frapo/" xmlns:geo="http://www.w3.org/2003/01/geo/wgs84_pos#" xmlns:gsp="http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#" xmlns:locn="http://www.w3.org/ns/locn#" xmlns:org="http://www.w3.org/ns/org#" xmlns:owl="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#" xmlns:schema="http://schema.org/" xmlns:skos="http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#" xmlns:vcard="http://www.w3.org/2006/vcard/ns#" xmlns:wdrs="http://www.w3.org/2007/05/powder-s#">
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5118653">
    <dct:identifier rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#anyURI">https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5118653</dct:identifier>
    <foaf:page rdf:resource="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5118653"/>
    <dct:creator>
      <rdf:Description>
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Agent"/>
        <foaf:name>Liu, Jian</foaf:name>
        <foaf:givenName>Jian</foaf:givenName>
        <foaf:familyName>Liu</foaf:familyName>
        <org:memberOf>
          <foaf:Organization>
            <foaf:name>Tenured Associate Professor, Department of Urban Planning &amp; Design, School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing, P. R. China</foaf:name>
          </foaf:Organization>
        </org:memberOf>
      </rdf:Description>
    </dct:creator>
    <dct:title>Influences of Planning Policies on Community Shaping in China: From Past to Present</dct:title>
    <dct:publisher>
      <foaf:Agent>
        <foaf:name>Zenodo</foaf:name>
      </foaf:Agent>
    </dct:publisher>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2019</dct:issued>
    <dcat:keyword>community shaping; planning policy; social management; spatial organization; Chinese cities</dcat:keyword>
    <frapo:isFundedBy rdf:resource="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/770141/"/>
    <schema:funder>
      <foaf:Organization>
        <dct:identifier rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#string">10.13039/501100000780</dct:identifier>
        <foaf:name>European Commission</foaf:name>
      </foaf:Organization>
    </schema:funder>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#date">2019-12-15</dct:issued>
    <dct:language rdf:resource="http://publications.europa.eu/resource/authority/language/ENG"/>
    <owl:sameAs rdf:resource="https://zenodo.org/record/5118653"/>
    <adms:identifier>
      <adms:Identifier>
        <skos:notation rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#anyURI">https://zenodo.org/record/5118653</skos:notation>
        <adms:schemeAgency>url</adms:schemeAgency>
      </adms:Identifier>
    </adms:identifier>
    <dct:isVersionOf rdf:resource="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5118652"/>
    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;In China, as in other countries of the world, communities, which are often considered as self-governing social organizations, are shaped&amp;nbsp;and influenced by many factors. Different from other studies, this paper approaches the issue of community shaping from a planning perspective&amp;nbsp;&lt;br&gt; and tries to answer the questions of how Chinese communities have been physically shaped throughout history and what influences the planning&amp;nbsp;policies have on communities&amp;rsquo; scales, forms, and functions. Hereby, the planning policies concern not only the spatial organization, but also the&amp;nbsp;&lt;br&gt; social management of communities. The research is elaborated chronologically, dividing the history of community development in China roughly&amp;nbsp;into four periods according to socio-economic development trends, planning objectives, and community characters. The narration is mainly based&amp;nbsp;&lt;br&gt; on literature work and case studies, with a focus on the social and spatial characters of urban communities. The paper concludes that before the&amp;nbsp;modernization of China, Chinese communities were mainly shaped into a gated Li-Fang pattern by traditional city building principles, in accordance with the regulations on social management, in spite of the terminological changes in different dynasties and the opening of gated communities&amp;nbsp;during certain dynasties. In the thirty years of the planned economy, Chinese communities were mainly shaped into inward Danwei (or work unit)&amp;nbsp;&lt;br&gt; communities of perimeter blocks by the urban planning institution, which was regarded as a technical tool of the planned socio-economic development to support national industrialization. In the next thirty years of economic transition, Chinese communities were further shaped into gated&amp;nbsp;&lt;br&gt; commodity housing communities of super blocks under the influence of reforms and the guidance of urban planning regulations. In the period of&amp;nbsp;new urbanization, Chinese communities face the challenge of transforming towards a dense grid, with narrow streets and small blocks, and promoting public engagement in community building, in view of the requirements for quality-oriented development.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
    <dct:accessRights rdf:resource="http://publications.europa.eu/resource/authority/access-right/PUBLIC"/>
    <dct:accessRights>
      <dct:RightsStatement rdf:about="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">
        <rdfs:label>Open Access</rdfs:label>
      </dct:RightsStatement>
    </dct:accessRights>
    <dct:license rdf:resource="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode"/>
    <dcat:distribution>
      <dcat:Distribution>
        <dcat:accessURL rdf:resource="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5118653"/>
        <dcat:byteSize>766263</dcat:byteSize>
        <dcat:downloadURL rdf:resource="https://zenodo.org/record/5118653/files/CCPR_Dec2019_18to29_Influences of Planning Policies on Community Shaping in China.pdf"/>
        <dcat:mediaType>application/pdf</dcat:mediaType>
      </dcat:Distribution>
    </dcat:distribution>
  </rdf:Description>
  <foaf:Project rdf:about="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/770141/">
    <dct:identifier rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#string">770141</dct:identifier>
    <dct:title>Transition towards urban sustainability through socially integrative cities in the EU and in China</dct:title>
    <frapo:isAwardedBy>
      <foaf:Organization>
        <dct:identifier rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#string">10.13039/501100000780</dct:identifier>
        <foaf:name>European Commission</foaf:name>
      </foaf:Organization>
    </frapo:isAwardedBy>
  </foaf:Project>
</rdf:RDF>
21
15
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 2121
Downloads 1515
Data volume 11.5 MB11.5 MB
Unique views 1616
Unique downloads 1313

Share

Cite as