Conference paper Open Access

The LHS 1678 System: Two Small Planets and a Likely Brown Dwarf Orbiting a Nearby M Dwarf in Unconventional Circumstances

Silverstein, Michele L.; Schlieder, Joshua E.; Barclay, Thomas; Hord, Benjamin J.; Jao, Wei-Chun; Vrijmoet, Eliot Halley; Henry, Todd J.; Cloutier, Ryan; Kostov, Veselin B.; Kruse, Ethan; Winters, Jennifer G.; Irwin, Jonathan; Kane, Stephen R.; Stassun, Keivan G.; Huang, Chelsea; Kunimoto, Michelle; Tey, Evan; Vanderburg, Andrew; Collins, Karen A.; Astudillo-Defru, Nicola; Bonfils, Xavier


DataCite XML Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<resource xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4" xsi:schemaLocation="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 http://schema.datacite.org/meta/kernel-4.1/metadata.xsd">
  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.5116835</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Silverstein, Michele L.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Michele L.</givenName>
      <familyName>Silverstein</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-2565-7909</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>NASA Goddard Space Flight Center</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Schlieder, Joshua E.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Joshua E.</givenName>
      <familyName>Schlieder</familyName>
      <affiliation>NASA Goddard Space Flight Center</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Barclay, Thomas</creatorName>
      <givenName>Thomas</givenName>
      <familyName>Barclay</familyName>
      <affiliation>NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, University of Maryland, Baltimore County</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Hord, Benjamin J.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Benjamin J.</givenName>
      <familyName>Hord</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Maryland, College Park</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Jao, Wei-Chun</creatorName>
      <givenName>Wei-Chun</givenName>
      <familyName>Jao</familyName>
      <affiliation>Georgia State University, Research Consortium on Nearby Stars</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Vrijmoet, Eliot Halley</creatorName>
      <givenName>Eliot Halley</givenName>
      <familyName>Vrijmoet</familyName>
      <affiliation>Georgia State University, Research Consortium on Nearby Stars</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Henry, Todd J.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Todd J.</givenName>
      <familyName>Henry</familyName>
      <affiliation>Research Consortium on Nearby Stars</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Cloutier, Ryan</creatorName>
      <givenName>Ryan</givenName>
      <familyName>Cloutier</familyName>
      <affiliation>Center for Astrophysics | Harvard &amp; Smithsonian</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kostov, Veselin B.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Veselin B.</givenName>
      <familyName>Kostov</familyName>
      <affiliation>NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, SETI Institute</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kruse, Ethan</creatorName>
      <givenName>Ethan</givenName>
      <familyName>Kruse</familyName>
      <affiliation>NASA Goddard Space Flight Center</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Winters, Jennifer G.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jennifer G.</givenName>
      <familyName>Winters</familyName>
      <affiliation>Center for Astrophysics | Harvard &amp; Smithsonian</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Irwin, Jonathan</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jonathan</givenName>
      <familyName>Irwin</familyName>
      <affiliation>Center for Astrophysics | Harvard &amp; Smithsonian</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kane, Stephen R.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Stephen R.</givenName>
      <familyName>Kane</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of California, Riverside</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Stassun, Keivan G.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Keivan G.</givenName>
      <familyName>Stassun</familyName>
      <affiliation>Vanderbilt University, Fisk University</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Huang, Chelsea</creatorName>
      <givenName>Chelsea</givenName>
      <familyName>Huang</familyName>
      <affiliation>Department of Physics and Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kunimoto, Michelle</creatorName>
      <givenName>Michelle</givenName>
      <familyName>Kunimoto</familyName>
      <affiliation>Department of Physics and Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Tey, Evan</creatorName>
      <givenName>Evan</givenName>
      <familyName>Tey</familyName>
      <affiliation>Department of Physics and Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Vanderburg, Andrew</creatorName>
      <givenName>Andrew</givenName>
      <familyName>Vanderburg</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Wisconsin-Madison</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Collins, Karen A.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Karen A.</givenName>
      <familyName>Collins</familyName>
      <affiliation>Center for Astrophysics | Harvard &amp; Smithsonian</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Astudillo-Defru, Nicola</creatorName>
      <givenName>Nicola</givenName>
      <familyName>Astudillo-Defru</familyName>
      <affiliation>Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Bonfils, Xavier</creatorName>
      <givenName>Xavier</givenName>
      <familyName>Bonfils</familyName>
      <affiliation>Univ. Grenoble Alpes</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>The LHS 1678 System: Two Small Planets and a Likely Brown Dwarf Orbiting a Nearby M Dwarf in Unconventional Circumstances</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2021</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>Exoplanets</subject>
    <subject>Stellar Astrophysics</subject>
    <subject>transit photometry</subject>
    <subject>low-mass stars</subject>
    <subject>M dwarfs</subject>
    <subject>Earth-sized planets</subject>
    <subject>astrometry</subject>
    <subject>brown dwarfs</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2021-07-23</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="ConferencePaper"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/5116835</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1051/0004-6361/201630153</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1051/0004-6361/201834062</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/0004-6256/152/5/141</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1088/0004-637X/765/2/132</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/1538-4357/834/1/17</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="Cites">https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003tmc..book.....C</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/2515-5172/aab1f8</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/2515-5172/aaaf6c</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1051/0004-6361/201629272</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1088/0004-6256/147/2/32</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1051/0004-6361/201834672</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/2515-5172/abca2e</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/2515-5172/abca2d</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/2041-8213/aacdf6</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1086/428489</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/1538-3881/ab0110</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1038/s41586-019-1497-4</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/1538-4365/ab346b</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="Cites">http://ascl.net/1812.013</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="Cites">http://ascl.net/1503.011</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/1538-4357/834/1/85</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1117/12.857122</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="Cites">https://peerj.com/articles/cs-55/</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1051/0004-6361/202037745</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.3847/0067-0049/222/1/14</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1088/0004-6256/149/1/5</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1073/pnas.1812905116</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1086/339315</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="Cites">10.1088/1538-3873/aadf6f</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.5116834</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/tsc2</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;We present the LHS 1678 (TOI-696) exoplanet system: two nearly Earth-sized transiting planets detected by TESS and a likely brown dwarf orbiting a bright M2 dwarf at 19.9 pc. The ultra-short-period LHS 1678 b&amp;nbsp;(0.70 Earth radii, 0.9-day orbit) is a captivating target for emission spectroscopy observations with the JWST. LHS 1678 c&amp;nbsp;(0.98 Earth radii, 3.7-day orbit) is in the Venus-zone and may be Venus density: a promising target for greenhouse effect studies. Both planets are favorable targets for EPRV mass measurements and for JWST transmission spectroscopy observations to study their atmospheres. The substellar companion, detected via CTIO/SMARTS 0.9m astrometry, is on a decades-long orbit and may someday eclipse the host star, revealing a rare system architecture in which more and less massive objects orbit in the same plane. There is also a candidate third planet detected in TESS multi-cycle data in near 4:3 resonance with LHS 1678 c. The host star is associated with an observed gap in the HR diagram tied to a change in M dwarf energy transport mechanisms. The effect of the associated stellar astrophysics on exoplanet evolution is currently unknown. In aggregate, LHS 1678 an exciting playground for comparative exoplanet science and understanding the formation and evolution of small, short-period exoplanets orbiting low-mass stars.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
    <description descriptionType="Other">{"references": ["Astudillo-Defru, N., Forveille, T., Bonfils, X., et al. 2017b, A&amp;A, 602, A88, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201630153", "Baraffe, I., &amp; Chabrier, G. 2018, A&amp;A, 619, A177, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834062", "Benedict, G. F., Henry, T. J., Franz, O. G., et al. 2016, AJ, 152, 141, doi: 10.3847/0004-6256/152/5/141", "Carter, J. A., &amp; Agol, E. 2013, ApJ, 765, 132, doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/765/2/132", "Chen, J., &amp; Kipping, D. 2017, ApJ, 834, 17, doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/834/1/17", "Cutri, R. M., Skrutskie, M. F., van Dyk, S., et al. 2003, 2MASS All 1671 Sky Catalog of point sources.", "Engle, S. G., &amp; Guinan, E. F. 2018, Research Notes of the American Astronomical Society, 2, 34, doi: 10.3847/2515-5172/aab1f8", "Foreman-Mackey, D. 2018, Research Notes of the American Astronomical Society, 2, 31, doi: 10.3847/2515-5172/aaaf6c", "Gaia Collaboration, Prusti, T., de Bruijne, J. H. J., et al. 2016, A&amp;A, 595, A1, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201629272", "Goldreich, P., &amp; Schlichting, H. E. 2014, AJ, 147, 32, doi: 10.1088/0004-6256/147/2/32", "Henry, T. J., Walkowicz, L. M., Barto, T. C., &amp; Golimowski, D. A. 2002, AJ, 123, 2002, doi: 10.1086/339315", "Hippke, M., &amp; Heller, R. 2019a, A&amp;A, 623, A39, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834672", "Huang, C. X., Vanderburg, A., P\u00e1l, A., et al. 2020a, Research 1754 Notes of the American Astronomical Society, 4, 204, doi: 10.3847/2515-5172/abca2e", "Huang, C. X., Vanderburg, A., P\u00e1l, A., et al. 2020b, Research Notes of the American Astronomical Society, 1757 4, 206, doi: 10.3847/2515-5172/abca2d", "Jao, W.-C., Henry, T. J., Gies, D. R., &amp; Hambly, N. C. 2018, ApJL, 861, L11, doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/aacdf6", "Jao, W.-C., Henry, T. J., Subasavage, J. P., et al. 2005, AJ, 129, 1954, doi: 10.1086/428489", "Kempton, E. M. R., Bean, J. L., Louie, D. R., et al. 2018, PASP, 130, 114401, doi: 10.1088/1538-3873/aadf6f", "Kostov, V. B., Mullally, S. E., Quintana, E. V., et al. 2019b, AJ, 157, 124, doi: 10.3847/1538-3881/ab0110", "Kreidberg, L., Koll, D. D. B., Morley, C., et al. 2019, Nature, 573, 87, doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1497-4", "Kruse, E., Agol, E., Luger, R., &amp; Foreman-Mackey, D. 2019, ApJS, 244, 11, doi: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab346b", "Lightkurve Collaboration, Cardoso, J. V. d. M., Hedges, C., et al. 2018, Lightkurve: Kepler and TESS time series analysis in Python, Astrophysics Source Code Library. http://ascl.net/1812.013", "Morton, T. D. 2015, VESPA: False positive probabilities calculator. http://ascl.net/1503.011", "Newton, E. R., Irwin, J., Charbonneau, D., et al. 2017, ApJ, 834, 85, doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/834/1/85", "Pepe, F. A., Cristiani, S., Rebolo Lopez, R., et al. 2010, in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series, Vol. 7735, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III, 77350F, doi: 10.1117/12.857122", "Salvatier, J., Wiecki, T. V., &amp; Fonnesbeck, C. 2016, PeerJ Computer Science, 2, e55", "Su\u00e1rez Mascare\u00f1o, A., Faria, J. P., Figueira, P., et al. 2020, A&amp;A, 639, A77, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/202037745", "Vanderburg, A., Latham, D. W., Buchhave, L. A., et al. 2016, ApJS, 222, 14, doi: 10.3847/0067-0049/222/1/14", "Winters, J. G., Henry, T. J., Lurie, J. C., et al. 2015, AJ, 149, 5, doi: 10.1088/0004-6256/149/1/5", "Zeng, L., Jacobsen, S. B., Sasselov, D. D., et al. 2019, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 116, 9723, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1812905116"]}</description>
  </descriptions>
</resource>
95
94
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 9595
Downloads 9494
Data volume 233.7 MB233.7 MB
Unique views 8383
Unique downloads 8080

Share

Cite as