There is a newer version of this record available.

Preprint Open Access

The Origins of SARS-CoV-2: A Critical Review

Holmes, Edward C; Goldstein, Stephen A; Rasmussen, Angela L; Robertson, David L; Crits-Christoph, Alexander; Wertheim, Joel O; Anthony, Simon J; Barclay, Wendy S; Boni, Maciej F; Doherty, Peter C; Farrar, Jeremy; Geoghegan, Jemma L; Jiang, Xiaowei; Leibowitz, Julian L; Neil, Stuart J D; Skern, Tim; Weiss, Susan R; Worobey, Michael; Andersen, Kristian G; Garry, Robert F; Rambaut, Andrew


JSON Export

{
  "files": [
    {
      "links": {
        "self": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/6707098d-cfb4-4b5e-b194-e36d318380e6/Holmes_et_al-preprint_v1.0.pdf"
      }, 
      "checksum": "md5:9c5cfa67f955d66e709366440e43975a", 
      "bucket": "6707098d-cfb4-4b5e-b194-e36d318380e6", 
      "key": "Holmes_et_al-preprint_v1.0.pdf", 
      "type": "pdf", 
      "size": 1146174
    }, 
    {
      "links": {
        "self": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/6707098d-cfb4-4b5e-b194-e36d318380e6/Holmes_et_al-preprint_v1.0_supplementary.pdf"
      }, 
      "checksum": "md5:f4f83487f82a2ac613803f599fa4c3d0", 
      "bucket": "6707098d-cfb4-4b5e-b194-e36d318380e6", 
      "key": "Holmes_et_al-preprint_v1.0_supplementary.pdf", 
      "type": "pdf", 
      "size": 203195
    }
  ], 
  "owners": [
    145956
  ], 
  "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.5075888", 
  "stats": {
    "version_unique_downloads": 68406.0, 
    "unique_views": 86402.0, 
    "views": 99416.0, 
    "version_views": 108941.0, 
    "unique_downloads": 64519.0, 
    "version_unique_views": 92931.0, 
    "volume": 80298519561.0, 
    "version_downloads": 77782.0, 
    "downloads": 72025.0, 
    "version_volume": 85285516936.0
  }, 
  "links": {
    "doi": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5075888", 
    "conceptdoi": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5075887", 
    "bucket": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/6707098d-cfb4-4b5e-b194-e36d318380e6", 
    "conceptbadge": "https://zenodo.org/badge/doi/10.5281/zenodo.5075887.svg", 
    "html": "https://zenodo.org/record/5075888", 
    "latest_html": "https://zenodo.org/record/5244404", 
    "badge": "https://zenodo.org/badge/doi/10.5281/zenodo.5075888.svg", 
    "latest": "https://zenodo.org/api/records/5244404"
  }, 
  "conceptdoi": "10.5281/zenodo.5075887", 
  "created": "2021-07-07T16:16:17.745143+00:00", 
  "updated": "2021-08-24T13:09:20.409695+00:00", 
  "conceptrecid": "5075887", 
  "revision": 8, 
  "id": 5075888, 
  "metadata": {
    "access_right_category": "success", 
    "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.5075888", 
    "description": "<p>The Origins of SARS-CoV-2: A Critical Review</p>\n\n<p>Holmes et al.</p>\n\n<p>Since the first reports of a novel SARS-like coronavirus in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, there has been intense interest in understanding how SARS-CoV-2 emerged in the human population. Recent debate has coalesced around two competing ideas: a &ldquo;laboratory escape&rdquo; scenario and zoonotic emergence. Here, we critically review the current scientific evidence that may help clarify the origin of SARS-CoV-2.</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>", 
    "license": {
      "id": "CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0"
    }, 
    "title": "The Origins of SARS-CoV-2: A Critical Review", 
    "relations": {
      "version": [
        {
          "count": 4, 
          "index": 0, 
          "parent": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "5075887"
          }, 
          "is_last": false, 
          "last_child": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "5244404"
          }
        }
      ]
    }, 
    "communities": [
      {
        "id": "covid-19"
      }
    ], 
    "version": "1.0", 
    "keywords": [
      "sars-cov-2", 
      "covid-19", 
      "origins", 
      "zoonosis"
    ], 
    "publication_date": "2021-07-07", 
    "creators": [
      {
        "affiliation": "School of Life and Environmental Sciences and School of Medical Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia", 
        "name": "Holmes, Edward C"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA", 
        "name": "Goldstein, Stephen A"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5E3, Canada", 
        "name": "Rasmussen, Angela L"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, G61 1QH, UK", 
        "name": "Robertson, David L"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA", 
        "name": "Crits-Christoph, Alexander"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA", 
        "name": "Wertheim, Joel O"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, University of California Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, CA 95616, USA", 
        "name": "Anthony, Simon J"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Infectious Disease, Imperial College London, W2 1PG, UK", 
        "name": "Barclay, Wendy S"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA", 
        "name": "Boni, Maciej F"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne at the Doherty Institute, 792 Elizabeth St, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia", 
        "name": "Doherty, Peter C"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "The Wellcome Trust, London, NW1 2BE, UK", 
        "name": "Farrar, Jeremy"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Institute of Environmental Science and Research, Wellington, New Zealand", 
        "name": "Geoghegan, Jemma L"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Biological Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (XJTLU), Suzhou, China", 
        "name": "Jiang, Xiaowei"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Microbial Pathogenesis and Immunology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77807, USA", 
        "name": "Leibowitz, Julian L"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Infectious Diseases, King's College London, Guy's Hospital, London SE1 9RT, UK", 
        "name": "Neil, Stuart J D"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Max Perutz Labs, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna Biocenter, Dr. Bohr-Gasse 9/3, A-1030 Vienna, Austria", 
        "name": "Skern, Tim"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA", 
        "name": "Weiss, Susan R"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA", 
        "name": "Worobey, Michael"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Immunology and Microbiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA", 
        "name": "Andersen, Kristian G"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA", 
        "name": "Garry, Robert F"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 FL, UK", 
        "name": "Rambaut, Andrew"
      }
    ], 
    "access_right": "open", 
    "resource_type": {
      "subtype": "preprint", 
      "type": "publication", 
      "title": "Preprint"
    }, 
    "related_identifiers": [
      {
        "scheme": "doi", 
        "identifier": "10.5281/zenodo.5075887", 
        "relation": "isVersionOf"
      }
    ]
  }
}
108,941
77,782
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 108,94199,416
Downloads 77,78272,025
Data volume 85.3 GB80.3 GB
Unique views 92,93186,402
Unique downloads 68,40664,519

Share

Cite as