Dataset Open Access

Data from: A keystone mutualism underpins resilience of a coastal ecosystem to drought

Angelini, Christine; Griffin, John N.; van de Koppel, Johan; Lamers, Leon P. M.; Smolders, Alfons J. P.; Derksen-Hooijberg, Marlous; van der Heide, Tjisse; Silliman, Brian R.

Droughts are increasing in severity and frequency, yet the mechanisms that strengthen ecosystem resilience to this stress remain poorly understood. Here, we test whether positive interactions in the form of a mutualism between mussels and dominant cordgrass in salt marshes enhance ecosystem resistance to and recovery from drought. Surveys spanning 250 km of southeastern US coastline reveal spatially dispersed mussel mounds increased cordgrass survival during severe drought by 5- to 25-times. Surveys and mussel addition experiments indicate this positive effect of mussels on cordgrass was due to mounds enhancing water storage and reducing soil salinity stress. Observations and models then demonstrate that surviving cordgrass patches associated with mussels function as nuclei for vegetative re-growth and, despite covering only 0.1–12% of die-offs, markedly shorten marsh recovery periods. These results indicate that mutualisms, in supporting stress-resistant patches, can play a disproportionately large, keystone role in enhancing ecosystem resilience to climatic extremes.
Files (279.1 kB)
Name Size
Coastal Survey.xlsx
47.4 kB Download
DieOff Recovery 2012-15.xlsx
43.3 kB Download
Oakdale Ammonium Salinity Expansion Data.xlsx
46.2 kB Download
Salinity Well Pairs.xlsx
44.1 kB Download
Sapelo natural patch expansion.xlsx
51.4 kB Download
Soil water storage.xlsx
46.6 kB Download
Views 16
Downloads 0
Data volume 0 Bytes
Unique views 11
Unique downloads 0


Cite as