Journal article Open Access
The main goal that the teacher is guided by when giving a homework assignment is to consolidate the student's knowledge of a particular subject. To make homework easier and less annoying, you need to follow a few simple rules:
You have to sit down for lessons right after school
According to the research of the German psychologist G. Ebbinghaus , for better memorization, the student must repeat the material passed in the lesson, observing certain intervals of time (immediately after study, after 20 minutes, after 40 and after 8 hours).
By the end of the last lesson, the student has barely 40% of the material that he studied at the beginning of the day. So you need to sit down for your homework immediately after class, until the knowledge acquired during the day has completely disappeared from your head.
I believe that the primary school is a great option - homework on prodlenki (provided that there is a relaxed atmosphere and children are not "stand in the ears"). They just went through the new material and immediately after the lessons they consolidate it. For middle and high school, it is possible to do your homework in the classroom or subject teacher's office.
What happens when a child does his homework in the evening or even a few days after he received it? By the time a student sits down for lessons, he does not remember more than half of the theory. There is no motivation to study, since you have to go into the textbook, look for the right paragraph, remember the rules - strain more than you should. It’s easier to write off from a reschebnik or from a neighbor on a desk.
If after school the child has a circle or section, it is better to do homework in the morning the next day . If you cannot complete the task in the morning, you should ask essay help , most likely you will be helped by providing high-quality and fast services.
Very often children go in for various sports in parallel with school. For example, when I was a schoolboy, I went to the volleyball and basketball sections. After them I returned home at 10 pm, there was no energy at all for lessons.
Thanks to my parents who treated me with understanding and intuitively made the right decision. Since they left for work very early, they picked me up at five in the morning, and I arrived at school at seven. I had exactly an hour and a half to do my homework . And I was doing great. Thinking with a fresh mind is very good. Of course, doing homework in the morning is more difficult than immediately after class, but much better than in the evening, when it gets sleepy.
You need to start with your favorite subject.
If a student begins his homework with an unloved subject, this will most likely make him irritable. This means that he will lose motivation to learn, and he is unlikely to want to continue. Therefore, it is necessary to take up lessons from your favorite assignments.
When you start with a favorite (light) object, it turns out faster. I took a simple topic, read it quickly, did the exercise - and the first homework is ready. There is a positive reinforcement of the case - success, and the child takes up the next lesson with interest.
Divide your homework into rounds of 25 minutes
The teacher condemns his subject to hate if it takes more than 20 minutes to complete the homework on it. By the way, even according to SanPiNs, homework on average in one subject should not take more than this time.
One of the rules of time management is that the task should be divided into rounds of 25 minutes, with small breaks between them (5-7 minutes). Invite your child to set a timer on the phone for 20-25 minutes and at this time focus on the subject as much as possible. When the time is up, it is important to put aside the textbook and take some rest (also on a timer, so that there is no temptation to be distracted from the lessons). Then, with renewed vigor, take on the next task.
Maximum concentration of attention is achieved through a constant change of activities
In elementary school, a child can concentrate for at most 5 minutes. In middle and high school - 10 minutes. To make the performance of the lessons more productive, the student needs to regularly change the activities. Maximum concentration is achieved by changing intellectual and physical activity. In short breaks between rounds, he should fully rest. You can jump, run, push up, squat. Singing a song is a great way to relieve tension and help you switch.
Advice to parents and teachers
It is important to remember: if the child does not like the subject, then he does not understand it. The task of the teacher and parent is to make the lesson applicable to the interests of the child. For example, if physics is very bad, but good at playing basketball, put the two together. Learn the laws of physics by observing the ball - tell how the kinetic energy of the ball is transformed into potential when thrown. If you have problems with geometry, you can calculate what the angle of attack should be in basketball so that the throw into the ring is as accurate as possible. If the child cannot master this type of activity in any way and would not like to lose positions in the assessments, you can always turn to a tutor or a professional for writing homework for help https://essayassistant.org/homework-help/.
You can always find an approach to a child if you communicate with him through his interests. Once a high school student came up to me and complained that she didn’t want to learn English, as it would hardly be useful to her in her chosen profession. The girl dreamed of becoming a cook and was sure that she would only need French. I invited her to watch Jamie Oliver's cooking shows in the original language. We met a month later. She said that she already understands English quite well, since the programs with Oliver captured her so much that she had to tighten her knowledge of the language.
She watched the show with great interest, because she wanted to realize herself in her chosen profession. Thanks to such activities, the student improved not only the lexical base, but also the pronunciation, culture and foundations of professional ethics.
The discussion around homework is always endless. Many people think that homework should be abolished altogether - let the students enjoy their childhood. Nevertheless, a competent teacher is always looking for a way to interest in the subject - and in part, the student's homework can help the teacher in this. After all, when a student understands a subject, he loves it.