Journal article Open Access

Spin-adapted selected configuration interaction in a determinant basis

Chilkuri, Vijay Gopal; Applencourt, Thomas; Gasperich, Kevin; Loos, Pierre-Francois; Scemama, Anthony

Selected configuration interaction (SCI) methods, when complemented with a second-order perturbative correction, provide near full configuration interaction (FCI) quality energies with only a small fraction of the Slater determinants of the FCI space. However, a selection criterion based on determinants alone does not ensure a spin-pure wave function. In other words, such SCI wave functions are not eigenfunctions of the Ŝ2 operator. In many situations (bond breaking, magnetic system, excited state, etc.), having a spin-adapted wave function is essential for a quantitatively correct description of the system. Here, we propose an efficient algorithm which, given an arbitrary determinant space, generates all the missing Slater determinants allowing one to obtain spin-adapted wave functions while avoiding manipulations involving configuration state functions. For example, generating all the possible determinants with 6 spin-up and 6 spin-down electrons in 12 open shells takes 21 CPU cycles per generated Slater determinant. The selection is still done with individual determinants, and one can take advantage of the basis of configuration state functions in the diagonalization of the Hamiltonian to reduce the memory footprint significantly.

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