Thesis Open Access

Feedback Regulated Star Formation in Cool Core Clusters of Galaxies

Tremblay, Grant Russell


DCAT Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:adms="http://www.w3.org/ns/adms#" xmlns:cnt="http://www.w3.org/2011/content#" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dct="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dctype="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/" xmlns:dcat="http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#" xmlns:duv="http://www.w3.org/ns/duv#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:frapo="http://purl.org/cerif/frapo/" xmlns:geo="http://www.w3.org/2003/01/geo/wgs84_pos#" xmlns:gsp="http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#" xmlns:locn="http://www.w3.org/ns/locn#" xmlns:org="http://www.w3.org/ns/org#" xmlns:owl="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#" xmlns:schema="http://schema.org/" xmlns:skos="http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#" xmlns:vcard="http://www.w3.org/2006/vcard/ns#" xmlns:wdrs="http://www.w3.org/2007/05/powder-s#">
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.48475">
    <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#Dataset"/>
    <dct:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text"/>
    <dct:identifier rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#anyURI">https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.48475</dct:identifier>
    <foaf:page rdf:resource="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.48475"/>
    <dct:creator>
      <rdf:Description>
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Agent"/>
        <foaf:name>Tremblay, Grant Russell</foaf:name>
        <foaf:givenName>Grant Russell</foaf:givenName>
        <foaf:familyName>Tremblay</foaf:familyName>
        <org:memberOf>
          <foaf:Organization>
            <foaf:name>Rochester Institute of Technology</foaf:name>
          </foaf:Organization>
        </org:memberOf>
      </rdf:Description>
    </dct:creator>
    <dct:title>Feedback Regulated Star Formation in Cool Core Clusters of Galaxies</dct:title>
    <dct:publisher>
      <foaf:Agent>
        <foaf:name>Zenodo</foaf:name>
      </foaf:Agent>
    </dct:publisher>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2011</dct:issued>
    <dcat:keyword>Clusters of Galaxies</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Cooling Flow</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Galaxy Evolution</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Active Galactic Nuclei</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Radio Galaxies</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Galaxy Evolution</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Star Formation</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Astronomy</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Astrophysics</dcat:keyword>
    <dct:contributor>
      <rdf:Description>
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Agent"/>
        <foaf:name>O'Dea, Christopher</foaf:name>
        <foaf:givenName>Christopher</foaf:givenName>
        <foaf:familyName>O'Dea</foaf:familyName>
        <org:memberOf>
          <foaf:Organization>
            <foaf:name>Rochester Institute of Technology</foaf:name>
          </foaf:Organization>
        </org:memberOf>
      </rdf:Description>
    </dct:contributor>
    <dct:contributor>
      <rdf:Description>
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Agent"/>
        <foaf:name>Baum, Stefi</foaf:name>
        <foaf:givenName>Stefi</foaf:givenName>
        <foaf:familyName>Baum</foaf:familyName>
        <org:memberOf>
          <foaf:Organization>
            <foaf:name>Rochester Institute of Technology</foaf:name>
          </foaf:Organization>
        </org:memberOf>
      </rdf:Description>
    </dct:contributor>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#date">2011-07-26</dct:issued>
    <adms:identifier>
      <adms:Identifier>
        <skos:notation rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#string">2011PhDT........21T</skos:notation>
      </adms:Identifier>
    </adms:identifier>
    <owl:sameAs rdf:resource="https://zenodo.org/record/48475"/>
    <adms:identifier>
      <adms:Identifier>
        <skos:notation rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#anyURI">https://zenodo.org/record/48475</skos:notation>
      </adms:Identifier>
    </adms:identifier>
    <dct:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://zenodo.org/communities/astrothesis"/>
    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;The classical &amp;quot;cooling flow&amp;quot; model historically associated with &amp;quot;cool core&amp;quot; clusters of galaxies fails in the absence of an external, non-gravitational heating mechanism needed to offset catastrophic radiative losses of the X-ray bright intracluster medium (ICM). Numerous proposed solutions exist, including feedback from active galactic nuclei (AGN), which may elegantly calibrate fundamental relationships such as the coupled co-evolution of black holes and the stellar component of their host galaxies. AGN feedback cannot completely offset cooling at all times, however, as the brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs) in cool core clusters harbor extensive warm (&amp;sim;10&lt;sup&gt;4&lt;/sup&gt;&amp;nbsp;K) and cold (10 &amp;lt; T &amp;lt; 10&lt;sup&gt;4&lt;/sup&gt;&amp;nbsp;K) gas reservoirs whose physical properties are regulated by ongoing star formation and an unknown, non-stellar heating mechanism.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;We present a doctoral thesis broadly related to these issues, particularly as they pertain to cooling flows, the triggering of AGN activity, and the associated energetic feedback that may play a critical role in heating the ambient environment on tens to hundreds of kiloparsec scales. We begin with a summary of the relevant background material, and in Chapter 2 we present a multiwavelength study of effervescent AGN heating in the cool core cluster Abell 2597. Previously unpublished&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Chandra&lt;/em&gt;&amp;nbsp;X-ray data show the central regions of the hot intracluster medium (ICM) to be highly anisotropic on the scale of the BCG, permeated by a network of kpc-scale X-ray cavities, the largest of which is cospatial in projection with extended 330 MHz radio emission. We present spectral maps of projected, modeled gas properties fit to the X-ray data. The X-ray temperature map reveals two discrete, &amp;quot;hard-edged&amp;#39;&amp;#39; structures, including a &amp;sim;15 kpc &amp;quot;cold filament&amp;#39;&amp;#39; and an arc of hot gas which in projection borders the inner edge of the large X-ray cavity. We interpret the latter in the context of the effervescent AGN heating model, in which cavity enthalpy is thermalized as the ambient keV gas rushes to refill the wake of the buoyant bubble. The hot arc revealed in the temperature map may be one of the first instances in which ICM/ISM heating by AGN feedback is directly observed. The &amp;sim;15 kpc soft excess filament, part of which is cospatial with extended 1.3 GHz radio emission, may be associated with dredge-up of low entropy gas by the propagating radio source. Results from our study of the hot X-ray gas are framed in the context of inferred young stellar component ages associated with the central emission line nebula in the BCG. We find that inferred ages of the young stellar component are both younger and older than the inferred ages of the X-ray cavities, suggesting that low levels of star formation have managed to persist amid the AGN feedback-driven excavation of the X-ray cavity network.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;In Chapter 3 we present&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Hubble Space Telescope&lt;/em&gt;&amp;nbsp;far-ultraviolet imaging of seven BCGs in cool core clusters selected on the basis of elevated star formation rates. We find that even at low levels, star formation provides a dominant contribution to the ionizing photon reservoir required to power the observed luminosities of the emission line nebula. Weak, compact radio sources are observed in each of these seven BCGs. The combination of higher SFR and lower radio power is consistent with a scenario wherein a low state of AGN feedback allows for increased residual condensation from the ambient X-ray atmosphere, accounting for the elevated star formation rates.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;In Chapter 4 we present a comparison study of episodic star formation and AGN activity in the giant radio galaxy 3C 236, which is not associated with a cluster. We find that an episodic AGN/starburst connection can be fostered by a non-steady transport of gas to the nucleus. These results are then compared with Abell 2597, enabling a better understanding of the roles that may be played by cooling flows vs. mergers and hot vs. cold accretion modes in depositing the gaseous reservoirs that fuel both star formation and AGN activity.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;In Chapter 5 we broaden the context of the thesis with a search for high redshift Fanaroff-Riley class I radio galaxies, which may act as observable &amp;quot;beacons&amp;quot; for assembling protoclusters. Probing the epoch of cluster assembly will be critical to a better understanding of the evolution of the cool core phenomenon and the history of cluster entropy regulation in general. The relative inability of X-ray cluster selection techniques to extend to these redshifts necessitates alternative detection methods, one of which we describe in this thesis.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;Finally, in Chapter 6 we discuss the main conclusions of this thesis, which can be summarized as follows: (1) AGN feedback is real, and likely plays a dominant role in regulating the pathway of entropy loss from hot ambient medium to cold gas to star formation; (2) AGN feedback does not establish an impassable &amp;quot;entropy floor&amp;quot; below which gas cannot cool; and (3) star formation plays an important role in determining the temperature and ionization of the warm (&amp;sim;10&lt;sup&gt;4&lt;/sup&gt;&amp;nbsp;K) and cold (10 &amp;lt; T &amp;lt; 10&lt;sup&gt;4&lt;/sup&gt;&amp;nbsp;K) gas phases in brightest cluster galaxies.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
    <dct:description xml:lang="">242 pages</dct:description>
    <dct:description xml:lang="">{"references": ["Abell G. O., 1958, ApJS, 3, 211", "Abell G. O., Corwin H. G., Jr., Olowin R. P., 1989, ApJS, 70, 1", "Adelman-McCarthy J. K., others , 2008, ApJS, 175, 297", "Alexander P., Leahy J. P., 1987, MNRAS, 225, 1", "Allen M. G. et al., 2002, ApJS, 139, 411", "Allen R. J., 1969, A&amp;A, 3, 382", "Allen S. W., 1995, MNRAS, 276, 947", "Antonucci R., 1993, ARA&amp;A, 31, 473", "Antonucci R., 1999, Advances in Space Research, 23, 1139", "Antonucci R. R. J., 1984, ApJ, 278, 499", "Arnaud K. A., 1996, in G. H. Jacoby &amp; J. Barnes (ed.), Astronomical Data Analysis Software and", "Systems V, vol. 101 of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, pp. 17\u2013+", "Arnaud M., 2005, in F. Melchiorri &amp; Y. Rephaeli (ed.), Background Microwave Radiation and", "Intracluster Cosmology, pp. 77\u2013+", "Arnaud M., Evrard A. E., 1999, MNRAS, 305, 631", "Arnaud M., Rothenflug R., Boulade O., Vigroux L., Vangioni-Flam E., 1992, A&amp;A, 254, 49", "Atek H., Kunth D., Hayes M., O\u0308stlin G., Mas-Hesse J. M., 2008, A&amp;A, 488, 491", "Baan W. A., Haschick A. D., Burke B. F., 1978, ApJ, 225, 339", "Balbus S. A., Soker N., 1989, ApJ, 341, 611", "Baldi R. D., Capetti A., 2008, A&amp;A, 489, 989", "Ball R., Burns J. O., Loken C., 1993, AJ, 105, 53", "Bardeen J. M., Petterson J. A., 1975, ApJ, 195, L65+", "Barnes J., 1996, in Bender R., Davies R. L. (eds.), New Light on Galaxy Evolution, vol. 171 of IAU", "Symposium, pp. 191\u2013+", "Barnes J. E., Hernquist L. E., 1991, ApJ, 370, L65", "Barthel P. D., 1989, ApJ, 336, 606", "Barthel P. D., 1994, in G. V. Bicknell, M. A. Dopita, &amp; P. J. Quinn (ed.), The Physics of Active", "Galaxies, vol. 54 of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, pp. 175\u2013+ Batcheldor D., Robinson A., Axon D. J., Perlman E. S., Merritt D., 2010, ApJ, 717, L6", "Bauer F. E., Fabian A. C., Sanders J. S., Allen S. W., Johnstone R. M., 2005, MNRAS, 359, 1481 Baum S. A., 1987, Extended optical emission line gas in powerful radio galaxies, Ph.D. thesis,", "Maryland Univ., College Park.", "Baum S. A., Heckman T., 1989a, ApJ, 336, 681", "Baum S. A., Heckman T., 1989b, ApJ, 336, 681", "Baum S. A., Heckman T. M., Bridle A., van Breugel W. J. M., Miley G. K., 1988, ApJS, 68, 643 Baum S. A., Heckman T. M., van Breugel W., 1992, ApJ, 389, 208", "Baum S. A., Laor A., O\u2019Dea C. P., Mack J., Koekemoer A. M., 2005, ApJ, 632, 122", "Baum S. A., O\u2019Dea C. P., 1991, MNRAS, 250, 737", "Baum S. A., O\u2019Dea C. P., Murphy D. W., de Bruyn A. G., 1990, A&amp;A, 232, 19", "Baum S. A., Zirbel E. L., O\u2019Dea C. P., 1995, ApJ, 451, 88", "Becker R. H., White R. L., Helfand D. J., 1995, ApJ, 450, 559", "Begelman M. C., 2001, ApJ, 551, 897", "Begelman M. C., Fabian A. C., 1990, MNRAS, 244, 26P", "Bekki K., Shioya Y., 1997, ApJ, 478, L17+", "Bell E. F. et al., 2004, ApJ, 608, 752", "Benson A. J., Bower R. G., Frenk C. S., Lacey C. G., Baugh C. M., Cole S., 2003, ApJ, 599, 38 Bertschinger E., Meiksin A., 1986, ApJ, 306, L1", "Best P. N., Kaiser C. R., Heckman T. M., Kauffmann G., 2006, MNRAS, 368, L67", "Best P. N., Ro\u0308ttgering H. J. A., Longair M. S., 2000, MNRAS, 311, 23", "Bicknell G. V., 1995, ApJS, 101, 29", "Bildfell C., Hoekstra H., Babul A., Mahdavi A., 2008, MNRAS, 389, 1637", "Binette L., Dopita M. A., Tuohy I. R., 1985, ApJ, 297, 476", "Binette L., Wang J., Villar-Martin M., Martin P. G., Magris C. G., 1993, ApJ, 414, 535", "Bi\u0302rzan L., Rafferty D. A., McNamara B. R., Wise M. W., Nulsen P. E. J., 2004, ApJ, 607, 800 Blandford R. D., Payne D. G., 1982, MNRAS, 199, 883", "Blandford R. D., Znajek R. L., 1977, MNRAS, 179, 433", "Blanton E. L., Gregg M. D., Helfand D. J., Becker R. H., White R. L., 2000, ApJ, 531, 118 Blanton E. L., Sarazin C. L., McNamara B. R., Wise M. W., 2001, ApJ, 558, L15", "Blundell K. M., Rawlings S., 2001, ApJ, 562, L5", "Bo\u0308hringer H., Voges W., Fabian A. C., Edge A. C., Neumann D. M., 1993, MNRAS, 264, L25 Bower R. G., Benson A. J., Malbon R., Helly J. C., Frenk C. S., Baugh C. M., Cole S., Lacey", "C. G., 2006, MNRAS, 370, 645", "Branduardi-Raymont G., Fabricant D., Feigelson E., Gorenstein P., Grindlay J., Soltan A.,", "Zamorani G., 1981, ApJ, 248, 55", "Bregman J. N., David L. P., 1988, ApJ, 326, 639", "Bridle A. H., 1984, AJ, 89, 979", "Bridle A. H., Perley R. A., Henriksen R. N., 1986, AJ, 92, 534", "Brighenti F., Mathews W. G., 2003, ApJ, 587, 580", "Brocksopp C., Kaiser C. R., Schoenmakers A. P., de Bruyn A. G., 2007, MNRAS, 382, 1019 Bruzual G., Charlot S., 2003, MNRAS, 344, 1000", "Bruzual A. G., Charlot S., 1993, ApJ, 405, 538", "Burns J. O., 1990, AJ, 99, 14", "Burns J. O., Hallman E. J., Gantner B., Motl P. M., Norman M. L., 2008, ApJ, 675, 1125 Buttiglione S., Capetti A., Celotti A., Axon D. J., Chiaberge M., Duccio Macchetto F., Sparks", "W. B., 2009, ArXiv e-prints", "Buttiglione S., Capetti A., Celotti A., Axon D. J., Chiaberge M., Macchetto F. D., Sparks W. B.,", "2010, A&amp;A, 509, A6+", "Capak P. et al., 2007, ApJS, 172, 99", "Capetti A., Balmaverde B., 2010, A New View of the Origin of the Radio-Quiet/Radio-Loud AGN", "Dichotomy?, pp. 175\u2013+", "Cardelli J. A., Clayton G. C., Mathis J. S., 1989, ApJ, 345, 245", "Cardiel N., Gorgas J., Arago\u0301n-Salamanca A., 1998, Ap&amp;SS, 263, 83", "Carlstrom J. E., Holder G. P., Reese E. D., 2002, ARA&amp;A, 40, 643", "Cavagnolo K. W., Donahue M., Voit G. M., Sun M., 2008, ApJ, 683, L107", "Cavagnolo K. W., Donahue M., Voit G. M., Sun M., 2009, ApJS, 182, 12", "Cavaliere A., Fusco-Femiano R., 1976, A&amp;A, 49, 137", "Cavaliere A., Padovani P., 1989, ApJ, 340, L5", "Chandran B. D. G., Rasera Y., 2007, ApJ, 671, 1413", "Charlot S., Longhetti M., 2001, MNRAS, 323, 887", "Chen Y., Reiprich T. H., Bo\u0308hringer H., Ikebe Y., Zhang Y.-Y., 2007, A&amp;A, 466, 805", "Chiaberge M., Capetti A., Celotti A., 1999, A&amp;A, 349, 77", "Chiaberge M., Capetti A., Macchetto F. D., Rosati P., Tozzi P., Tremblay G. R., 2010, ApJ, 710,", "L107", "Chiaberge M., Macchetto F. D., Sparks W. B., Capetti A., Allen M. G., Martel A. R., 2002, ApJ, 571, 247", "Chiaberge M., Tremblay G., Capetti A., Macchetto F. D., Tozzi P., Sparks W. B., 2009, ApJ, 696, 1103", "Churazov E., Bru\u0308ggen M., Kaiser C. R., Bo\u0308hringer H., Forman W., 2001, ApJ, 554, 261 Churazov E., Sunyaev R., Forman W., Bo\u0308hringer H., 2002, MNRAS, 332, 729", "Cimatti A., Dey A., van Breugel W., Hurt T., Antonucci R., 1997, ApJ, 476, 677", "Ciotti L., van Albada T. S., 2001, ApJ, 552, L13", "Clampin M. et al., 2004, in P. Amico, J. W. Beletic, &amp; J. E. Belectic (ed.), Scientific Detectors for Astronomy, The Beginning of a New Era, vol. 300 of Astrophysics and Space Science Library, pp. 555\u2013563", "Clarke D. A., Bridle A. H., Burns J. O., Perley R. A., Norman M. L., 1992, ApJ, 385, 173 Clarke T. E., Kronberg P. P., Bo\u0308hringer H., 2001, ApJ, 547, L111", "Clarke T. E., Sarazin C. L., Blanton E. L., Neumann D. M., Kassim N. E., 2005, ApJ, 625, 748 Cohen M. H., Ogle P. M., Tran H. D., Goodrich R. W., Miller J. S., 1999, AJ, 118, 1963", "Colla G. et al., 1970, A&amp;AS, 1, 281", "Condon J. J., Cotton W. D., Greisen E. W., Yin Q. F., Perley R. A., Taylor G. B., Broderick J. J.,", "1998, AJ, 115, 1693", "Conselice C. J., Gallagher J. S., III, Wyse R. F. G., 2001, AJ, 122, 2281", "Conway J. E., Myers S. T., Pearson T. J., Readhead A. C. S., Unwin S. C., Xu W., 1994, ApJ, 425,", "568", "Cowie L. L., Barger A. J., Bautz M. W., Brandt W. N., Garmire G. P., 2003, ApJ, 584, L57", "Cowie L. L., Binney J., 1977, ApJ, 215, 723", "Cowie L. L., Fabian A. C., Nulsen P. E. J., 1980, MNRAS, 191, 399", "Cowie L. L., Songaila A., Hu E. M., Cohen J. G., 1996, AJ, 112, 839", "Crawford C. S., Allen S. W., Ebeling H., Edge A. C., Fabian A. C., 1999, MNRAS, 306, 857 Crawford C. S., Edge A. C., Fabian A. C., Allen S. W., Bohringer H., Ebeling H., McMahon R. G.,", "Voges W., 1995, MNRAS, 274, 75", "Crawford C. S., Fabian A. C., 1993, MNRAS, 265, 431", "Crawford C. S., Fabian A. C., Johnstone R. M., Arnaud K. A., 1989, MNRAS, 236, 277 Crawford C. S., Hatch N. A., Fabian A. C., Sanders J. S., 2005, MNRAS, 363, 216 Croton D. J., others , 2006, MNRAS, 365, 11", "Daly R. A., 1990, ApJ, 355, 416", "David L. P., Bregman J. N., Seab C. G., 1988, ApJ, 329, 66", "David L. P., Nulsen P. E. J., McNamara B. R., Forman W., Jones C., Ponman T., Robertson B., Wise M., 2001, ApJ, 557, 546", "David L. P., Slyz A., Jones C., Forman W., Vrtilek S. D., Arnaud K. A., 1993, ApJ, 412, 479", "de Koff S., Baum S. A., Sparks W. B., Biretta J., Golombek D., Macchetto F., McCarthy P., Miley", "G. K., 1996, ApJS, 107, 621", "de Koff S. et al., 2000, ApJS, 129, 33", "De Villiers J., Hawley J. F., Krolik J. H., Hirose S., 2005, ApJ, 620, 878", "De Young D. S., Roberts M. S., 1974, ApJ, 189, 1", "Di Matteo T., Springel V., Hernquist L., 2005, Nature, 433, 604", "Donahue M., de Messie\u0300res G. E., O\u2019Connell R. W., Voit G. M., Hoffer A., McNamara B. R.,", "Nulsen P. E. J., 2011, ArXiv e-prints", "Donahue M., Horner D. J., Cavagnolo K. W., Voit G. M., 2006, ApJ, 643, 730", "Donahue M. et al., 2007, ApJ, 670, 231", "Donahue M., Mack J., Voit G. M., Sparks W., Elston R., Maloney P. R., 2000, ApJ, 545, 670 Donahue M., Voit G. M., 1991, ApJ, 381, 361", "Donzelli C. J., Chiaberge M., Macchetto F. D., Madrid J. P., Capetti A., Marchesini D., 2007, ApJ,", "667, 780", "Dopita M. A., Koratkar A. P., Allen M. G., Tsvetanov Z. I., Ford H. C., Bicknell G. V., Sutherland", "R. S., 1997, ApJ, 490, 202", "Draine B. T., 1978, ApJS, 36, 595", "Drake C. L., Bicknell G. V., McGregor P. J., Dopita M. A., 2004, AJ, 128, 969", "Dunn R. J. H., Fabian A. C., 2006, MNRAS, 373, 959", "Dunn R. J. H., Fabian A. C., Taylor G. B., 2005, MNRAS, 364, 1343", "Dursi L. J., Pfrommer C., 2008, ApJ, 677, 993", "Dwek E., Arendt R. G., 1992, ARA&amp;A, 30, 11", "Ebeling H., Edge A. C., Bohringer H., Allen S. W., Crawford C. S., Fabian A. C., Voges W.,", "Huchra J. P., 1998, MNRAS, 301, 881", "Ebeling H., White D. A., Rangarajan F. V. N., 2006, MNRAS, 368, 65", "Edge A. C., 2001, MNRAS, 328, 762", "Edge A. C., Frayer D. T., 2003, ApJ, 594, L13", "Edge A. C. et al., 2010a, A&amp;A, 518, L46+", "Edge A. C. et al., 2010b, A&amp;A, 518, L47+", "Edwards L. O. V., Hudson M. J., Balogh M. L., Smith R. J., 2007, MNRAS, 379, 100 Egami E. et al., 2006, ApJ, 647, 922", "En\u00dflin T. A., Heinz S., 2002, A&amp;A, 384, L27 Eracleous M., Halpern J. P., 1994, ApJS, 90, 1 Faber S. M., others , 2007, ApJ, 665, 265 Fabian A. C., 1994, ARA&amp;A, 32, 277", "Fabian A. C., 1999, MNRAS, 308, L39", "Fabian A. C., 2003, MNRAS, 344, L27", "Fabian A. C., Johnstone R. M., Sanders J. S., Conselice C. J., Crawford C. S., Gallagher J. S., III,", "Zweibel E., 2008, Nature, 454, 968", "Fabian A. C., Nulsen P. E. J., 1977, MNRAS, 180, 479", "Fabian A. C., Sanders J. S., Crawford C. S., Ettori S., 2003, MNRAS, 341, 729", "Fabian A. C. et al., 2000, MNRAS, 318, L65", "Fabian A. C., Sanders J. S., Taylor G. B., Allen S. W., Crawford C. S., Johnstone R. M., Iwasawa", "K., 2006, MNRAS, 366, 417", "Fabian A. C., Sanders J. S., Williams R. J. R., Lazarian A., Ferland G. J., Johnstone R. M., 2011,", "ArXiv e-prints", "Fabian A. C., Voigt L. M., Morris R. G., 2002, MNRAS, 335, L71", "Falcke H., Ko\u0308rding E., Markoff S., 2004, A&amp;A, 414, 895", "Fanaroff B. L., Riley J. M., 1974, MNRAS, 167, 31P", "Ferland G. J., Fabian A. C., Hatch N. A., Johnstone R. M., Porter R. L., van Hoof P. A. M.,", "Williams R. J. R., 2008, MNRAS, 386, L72", "Ferland G. J., Fabian A. C., Hatch N. A., Johnstone R. M., Porter R. L., van Hoof P. A. M.,", "Williams R. J. R., 2009, MNRAS, 392, 1475", "Ferland G. J., Osterbrock D. E., 1985, ApJ, 289, 105", "Ferland G. J., Osterbrock D. E., 1986, ApJ, 300, 658", "Ferrarese L., Merritt D., 2000, ApJ, 539, L9", "Floyd D. J. E. et al., 2008, ApJS, 177, 148", "Forman W., Jones C., 1982, ARA&amp;A, 20, 547", "Forman W. et al., 2007, ApJ, 665, 1057", "Forman W., Kellogg E., Gursky H., Tananbaum H., Giacconi R., 1972, ApJ, 178, 309", "Forman W. et al., 2005, ApJ, 635, 894", "Fruscione A. et al., 2006, in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Confer-", "ence Series, vol. 6270 of Presented at the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers", "(SPIE) Conference", "Garci\u0301a-Lorenzo B., Sa\u0301nchez S. F., Mediavilla E., Gonza\u0301lez-Serrano J. I., Christensen L., 2005,", "ApJ, 621, 146", "Gebhardt K. et al., 2000, ApJ, 539, L13", "Giacconi R., Gursky H., Kellogg E., Schreier E., Tananbaum H., 1971, ApJ, 167, L67+", "Giacconi R. et al., 2002, ApJS, 139, 369", "Giavalisco M., 2002, ARA&amp;A, 40, 579", "Gitti M., Nulsen P. E. J., David L. P., McNamara B. R., Wise M. W., 2011, ApJ, 732, 13 Gopal-Krishna , Wiita P. J., 1987, MNRAS, 226, 531", "Govoni F., Murgia M., Markevitch M., Feretti L., Giovannini G., Taylor G. B., Carretti E., 2009,", "A&amp;A, 499, 371", "Griffith M. R., Wright A. E., 1994, VizieR Online Data Catalog, 8027, 0", "Gunn J. E., 1979, in Active Galactic Nuclei, pp. 213\u2013225", "Gunn J. E., Gott J. R., III, 1972, ApJ, 176, 1", "Gursky H., Kellogg E., Murray S., Leong C., Tananbaum H., Giacconi R., 1971, ApJ, 167, L81+ Gursky H., Schwartz D. A., 1977, ARA&amp;A, 15, 541", "Habe A., Ikeuchi S., 1985, ApJ, 289, 540", "Haehnelt M. G., Rees M. J., 1993, MNRAS, 263, 168", "Hansen L., Jorgensen H. E., Norgaard-Nielsen H. U., 1995, A&amp;A, 297, 13", "Hardcastle M. J., Evans D. A., Croston J. H., 2006, MNRAS, 370, 1893", "Hardcastle M. J., Evans D. A., Croston J. H., 2007, MNRAS, 376, 1849", "Hardcastle M. J., Harris D. E., Worrall D. M., Birkinshaw M., 2004, ApJ, 612, 729", "Harris D. E., Cheung C. C., Biretta J. A., Sparks W. B., Junor W., Perlman E. S., Wilson A. S.,", "2006, ApJ, 640, 211", "Haynes M. P., Brown R. L., Roberts M. S., 1978, ApJ, 221, 414", "Heckman T. M., Baum S. A., van Breugel W. J. M., McCarthy P., 1989, ApJ, 338, 48", "Heinz S., Reynolds C. S., Begelman M. C., 1998, ApJ, 501, 126", "Heywood I., Blundell K. M., Rawlings S., 2007, MNRAS, 381, 1093", "Hicks A. K., Mushotzky R., 2005, ApJ, 635, L9", "Hine R. G., Longair M. S., 1979, MNRAS, 188, 111", "Holt J., Tadhunter C. N., Gonza\u0301lez Delgado R. M., Inskip K. J., Rodriguez J., Emonts B. H. C.,", "Morganti R., Wills K. A., 2007, MNRAS, 381, 611", "Holt J., Tadhunter C. N., Morganti R., 2009, MNRAS, 400, 589", "Holtzman J. A. et al., 1996, AJ, 112, 416", "Hopkins P. F., Hernquist L., Cox T. J., Di Matteo T., Robertson B., Springel V., 2005, ApJ, 630,", "716", "Hopkins P. F., Hernquist L., Cox T. J., Di Matteo T., Robertson B., Springel V., 2006, ApJS, 163, 1", "Hopkins P. F., Richards G. T., Hernquist L., 2007, ApJ, 654, 731", "Hu E. M., 1992, ApJ, 391, 608", "Hu E. M., Cowie L. L., Wang Z., 1985, ApJS, 59, 447", "Hudson D. S., Mittal R., Reiprich T. H., Nulsen P. E. J., Andernach H., Sarazin C. L., 2010, A&amp;A,", "513, A37+", "Hutchings J. B., Balogh M. L., 2000, AJ, 119, 1123", "Israel F. P., Tilanus R. P. J., Baas F., 2006, A&amp;A, 445, 907", "Jackson N., Rawlings S., 1997, MNRAS, 286, 241", "Jaffe W., Bremer M. N., Baker K., 2005, MNRAS, 360, 748", "Jaffe W., Bremer M. N., van der Werf P. P., 2001, MNRAS, 324, 443", "Jetha N. N., Sakelliou I., Hardcastle M. J., Ponman T. J., Stevens I. R., 2005, MNRAS, 358, 1394 Johnson B. D. et al., 2007, ApJS, 173, 392", "Johnstone R. M., Fabian A. C., Nulsen P. E. J., 1987, MNRAS, 224, 75", "Jones T. W., Ryu D., Engel A., 1999, ApJ, 512, 105", "Kaiser C. R., Binney J., 2003, MNRAS, 338, 837", "Kaiser C. R., Schoenmakers A. P., Ro\u0308ttgering H. J. A., 2000, MNRAS, 315, 381", "Kaiser N., 1986, MNRAS, 222, 323", "Kapahi V. K., 1985, MNRAS, 214, 19P", "Kapahi V. K., 1989, AJ, 97, 1", "Katayama H., Hayashida K., Takahara F., Fujita Y., 2003, ApJ, 585, 687", "Kauffmann G., Haehnelt M., 2000, MNRAS, 311, 576", "Kennicutt R. C., Jr., 1998, ApJ, 498, 541", "Khochfar S., Burkert A., 2005, MNRAS, 359, 1379", "Kirkpatrick C. C. et al., 2009, ApJ, 697, 867", "Koekemoer A. M. et al., 2007, ApJS, 172, 196", "Koekemoer A. M., Fruchter A. S., Hook R. N., Hack W., 2002, in Arribas S., Koekemoer A.,", "Whitmore B. (eds.), The 2002 HST Calibration Workshop : Hubble after the Installation of the", "ACS and the NICMOS Cooling System, pp. 337\u2013+", "Koekemoer A. M., O\u2019Dea C. P., Sarazin C. L., McNamara B. R., Donahue M., Voit G. M., Baum", "S. A., Gallimore J. F., 1999, ApJ, 525, 621 Kormendy J., Richstone D., 1995, ARA&amp;A, 33, 581 Lacy M. et al., 2004, ApJS, 154, 166", "Laing R. A., Bridle A. H., Parma P., Feretti L., Giovannini G., Murgia M., Perley R. A., 2008, MNRAS, 386, 657", "Laing R. A., Jenkins C. R., Wall J. V., Unger S. W., 1994, in G. V. Bicknell, M. A. Dopita, &amp; P. J. Quinn (ed.), The Physics of Active Galaxies, vol. 54 of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, pp. 201\u2013+", "Lauer T. R. et al., 2005, AJ, 129, 2138", "Lea S. M., Silk J., Kellogg E., Murray S., 1973, ApJ, 184, L105+", "Ledlow M. J., Owen F. N., 1996, AJ, 112, 9", "Leitherer C. et al., 1999, ApJS, 123, 3", "Lilly S. J., Longair M. S., 1982, MNRAS, 199, 1053", "Lloyd-Davies E. J., Ponman T. J., Cannon D. B., 2000, MNRAS, 315, 689", "Loubser S. I., Sa\u0301nchez-Bla\u0301zquez P., Sansom A. E., Soechting I. K., 2009, MNRAS, 398, 133 Lynden-Bell D., 1967, MNRAS, 136, 101", "Lynds R., 1970, ApJ, 159, L151", "Machalski J., Kozie\u0142-Wierzbowska D., Jamrozy M., Saikia D. J., 2008, ApJ, 679, 149", "Mack K.-H., Klein U., O\u2019Dea C. P., Willis A. G., 1997, A&amp;AS, 123, 423", "Madrid J. P. et al., 2006, ApJS, 164, 307", "Magorrian J. et al., 1998, AJ, 115, 2285", "Malyshkin L., Kulsrud R., 2001, ApJ, 549, 402", "Markevitch M., 1998, ApJ, 504, 27", "Markevitch M., Govoni F., Brunetti G., Jerius D., 2005, ApJ, 627, 733", "Martel A. R. et al., 1999, ApJS, 122, 81", "Matthews T. A., Morgan W. W., Schmidt M., 1964, ApJ, 140, 35", "McCarthy I. G., Balogh M. L., Babul A., Poole G. B., Horner D. J., 2004, ApJ, 613, 811 McCarthy P. J., 1993, ARA&amp;A, 31, 639", "McCarthy P. J., Miley G. K., de Koff S., Baum S. A., Sparks W. B., Golombek D., Biretta J.,", "Macchetto F., 1997, ApJS, 112, 415", "McDonald M., Veilleux S., Mushotzky R., 2011, ApJ, 731, 33", "McDonald M., Veilleux S., Rupke D. S. N., Mushotzky R., 2010, ApJ, 721, 1262", "McNamara B. R., 1997, in N. Soker (ed.), Galactic Cluster Cooling Flows, vol. 115 of Astronom-", "ical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, pp. 109\u2013+", "McNamara B. R., 2004, in T. Reiprich, J. Kempner, &amp; N. Soker (ed.), The Riddle of Cooling Flows", "in Galaxies and Clusters of galaxies, pp. 177\u2013+", "McNamara B. R., Jannuzi B. T., Sarazin C. L., Elston R., Wise M., 1999, ApJ, 518, 167", "McNamara B. R., Nulsen P. E. J., 2007, ARA&amp;A, 45, 117 McNamara B. R., O\u2019Connell R. W., 1989, AJ, 98, 2018 McNamara B. R., O\u2019Connell R. W., 1993, AJ, 105, 417 McNamara B. R. et al., 2000, ApJ, 534, L135", "McNamara B. R., Wise M. W., Murray S. S., 2004, ApJ, 601, 173", "McNamara B. R. et al., 2001, ApJ, 562, L149", "Meier D. L., 1999, ApJ, 522, 753", "Mewe R., 1999, in J. van Paradijs &amp; J. A. M. Bleeker (ed.), X-Ray Spectroscopy in Astrophysics,", "vol. 520 of Lecture Notes in Physics, Berlin Springer Verlag, pp. 109\u2013+", "Micelotta E. R., Jones A. P., Tielens A. G. G. M., 2010, A&amp;A, 510, A37+", "Miley G., De Breuck C., 2008, A&amp;A Rev., 15, 67", "Minkowski R., 1957, in H. C. van de Hulst (ed.), Radio astronomy, vol. 4 of IAU Symposium, pp.", "107\u2013+", "Mitchell R. J., Culhane J. L., Davison P. J. N., Ives J. C., 1976, MNRAS, 175, 29P", "Mittal R., Hudson D. S., Reiprich T. H., Clarke T., 2009, A&amp;A, 501, 835", "Mittaz J. P. D. et al., 2001, A&amp;A, 365, L93", "Mobasher B. et al., 2007, ApJS, 172, 117", "Morris R. G., Fabian A. C., 2005, MNRAS, 358, 585", "Murgia M., Govoni F., Markevitch M., Feretti L., Giovannini G., Taylor G. B., Carretti E., 2009,", "A&amp;A, 499, 679", "Mushotzky R. F., 2004, Clusters of Galaxies: Probes of Cosmological Structure and Galaxy Evo-", "lution, pp. 123\u2013+", "Narayan R., Medvedev M. V., 2001, ApJ, 562, L129", "Nulsen P. E. J., 1986, MNRAS, 221, 377", "Nulsen P. E</dct:description>
    <dct:accessRights rdf:resource="http://publications.europa.eu/resource/authority/access-right/PUBLIC"/>
    <dct:accessRights>
      <dct:RightsStatement rdf:about="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">
        <rdfs:label>Open Access</rdfs:label>
      </dct:RightsStatement>
    </dct:accessRights>
    <dcat:distribution>
      <dcat:Distribution>
        <dct:license rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode"/>
        <dcat:accessURL rdf:resource="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.48475"/>
      </dcat:Distribution>
    </dcat:distribution>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
95
122
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 9595
Downloads 122122
Data volume 1.4 GB1.4 GB
Unique views 9595
Unique downloads 119119

Share

Cite as