UPDATE: Zenodo migration postponed to Oct 13 from 06:00-08:00 UTC. Read the announcement.

Book Open Access


Efthymia Nikita

JSON Export

  "files": [
      "links": {
        "self": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/46ce8898-63a6-4553-b4f4-2061c0b2be6a/AN_INTRODUCTION_TO_THE_STUDY_OF_BURNED_H.pdf"
      "checksum": "md5:0fe44a8a29a6c170292117934cf7a0c3", 
      "bucket": "46ce8898-63a6-4553-b4f4-2061c0b2be6a", 
      "type": "pdf", 
      "size": 5964004
  "owners": [
  "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.4782968", 
  "stats": {
    "version_unique_downloads": 63.0, 
    "unique_views": 70.0, 
    "views": 76.0, 
    "version_views": 76.0, 
    "unique_downloads": 63.0, 
    "version_unique_views": 70.0, 
    "volume": 405552272.0, 
    "version_downloads": 68.0, 
    "downloads": 68.0, 
    "version_volume": 405552272.0
  "links": {
    "doi": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4782968", 
    "conceptdoi": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4782967", 
    "bucket": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/46ce8898-63a6-4553-b4f4-2061c0b2be6a", 
    "conceptbadge": "https://zenodo.org/badge/doi/10.5281/zenodo.4782967.svg", 
    "html": "https://zenodo.org/record/4782968", 
    "latest_html": "https://zenodo.org/record/4782968", 
    "badge": "https://zenodo.org/badge/doi/10.5281/zenodo.4782968.svg", 
    "latest": "https://zenodo.org/api/records/4782968"
  "conceptdoi": "10.5281/zenodo.4782967", 
  "created": "2021-05-24T07:33:19.338425+00:00", 
  "updated": "2021-05-24T13:48:17.844776+00:00", 
  "conceptrecid": "4782967", 
  "revision": 2, 
  "id": 4782968, 
  "metadata": {
    "access_right_category": "success", 
    "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.4782968", 
    "description": "<p>This document is the fourth in a series of guides aimed at promoting best practice in different aspects of archaeological<br>\nscience, produced by members of the Science and Technology in Archaeology and Culture Research Center<br>\n(STARC) of The Cyprus Institute. The current document was largely developed in the context of two projects: People<br>\nin Motion and Promised. The implementation of People in Motion involved the laboratory study of a large commingled<br>\nand partially burned skeletal assemblage from Byzantine Amathus, Cyprus, which came to light in the context<br>\nof excavations led by the Cypriot Department of Antiquities. Osteological work on this assemblage was co-funded<br>\nby the European Regional Development Fund and the Republic of Cyprus through the Research and Innovation<br>\nFoundation (EXCELLENCE/1216/0023). In addition, Promised aims at promoting archaeological sciences in the<br>\nEastern Mediterranean, with funding from the European Union&rsquo;s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme<br>\nunder grant agreement No 811068.</p>\n\n<p><br>\nThe study of burned skeletal remains is particularly challenging due to the extensive alteration of the bones, manifesting<br>\nas warping, discoloration, shrinkage, and fracturing. These macroscopic changes express underlying structural and<br>\nchemical alterations. As a result, the application of traditional osteological methods (morphological, metric, chemical,<br>\nmolecular, histological and others) is largely inhibited or should be extremely cautious. Nonetheless, the study of<br>\nburned skeletal assemblages can offer unique insights to funerary practices and technologies, as well as the manipulation<br>\nof dead bodies. In line with the above, the aim of this guide is to cover various aspects of the study of burned<br>\nskeletal assemblages. It should be seen as a supplement to the &lsquo;Basic guidelines for the excavation and study of human<br>\nskeletal remains; STARC Guide no. 1 &rsquo; and the &lsquo;Excavation and study of commingled human skeletal remains; STARC Guide<br>\nno. 2&rsquo;. The current guide is meant to serve only as a general outline and the described field and lab-based methods<br>\nshould be modified depending on the context and characteristics of each assemblage under study.</p>\n\n<p><br>\nA number of excellent volumes have been published in the past years, compiling experimental and case studies on the<br>\nretrieval and examination of burned skeletal remains in archaeological and forensic contexts (Fairgrieve 2008; Schmidt<br>\nand Symes 2015; Symes et al. 2012; Thompson 2015). Much of the information presented here has been drawn from<br>\nthese resources, as well as from other publications and the author&rsquo;s professional experience. References are given<br>\nthroughout the current document but the aim is by no means to provide an exhaustive account of the literature.</p>\n\n<p><br>\nThis document is an open resource and it is anticipated to be updated at regular intervals. I would greatly appreciate<br>\nany feedback and recommendations for future improvement</p>", 
    "license": {
      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
    "relations": {
      "version": [
          "count": 1, 
          "index": 0, 
          "parent": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "4782967"
          "is_last": true, 
          "last_child": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "4782968"
    "imprint": {
      "publisher": "The Cyprus Institute", 
      "place": "Nicosia, Cyprus", 
      "isbn": "978-9963-2858-7-7"
    "grants": [
        "code": "811068", 
        "links": {
          "self": "https://zenodo.org/api/grants/10.13039/501100000780::811068"
        "title": "Promoting Archaeological Science in the eastern Mediterranean", 
        "acronym": "Promised", 
        "program": "H2020", 
        "funder": {
          "doi": "10.13039/501100000780", 
          "acronyms": [], 
          "name": "European Commission", 
          "links": {
            "self": "https://zenodo.org/api/funders/10.13039/501100000780"
    "keywords": [
      "human osteology", 
    "publication_date": "2021-05-24", 
    "creators": [
        "orcid": "0000-0003-2094-5047", 
        "affiliation": "The Cyprus Institute", 
        "name": "Efthymia Nikita"
    "access_right": "open", 
    "resource_type": {
      "subtype": "book", 
      "type": "publication", 
      "title": "Book"
    "related_identifiers": [
        "scheme": "doi", 
        "identifier": "10.5281/zenodo.4782967", 
        "relation": "isVersionOf"
All versions This version
Views 7676
Downloads 6868
Data volume 405.6 MB405.6 MB
Unique views 7070
Unique downloads 6363


Cite as