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Zooarchaeological database of early medieval Heumarkt (Cologne, Germany)

Grau-Sologestoa, Idoia; Deschler-Erb, Sabine

The site of Heumarkt (FB96.13) is located in the city center of Cologne, in North Rhine-Westphalia, western Germany.

This database contains the zooarchaeological information of the inventory of the faunal materials recovered at the site (mainly from fills of sunken featured structures and dark-coloured layers), all hand-collected. The remains were recorded using Ossobook.

There were almost 8000 fragments, of which we calculated approximately 3200 MNE (Minimum Number of Elements). The recorded data are: taxon, skeletal element, taphonomy (butchery marks, overal preservation, colour, etc.), and biometrical data. The majority of the remains are dated to the Merovingian (5th-7th c.), Carolingian (8th-9th c.), and Ottonian (end 9th-10th c.) periods. The assemblage is predominated by pig, followed by cattle, and with an increasing presence of sheep/goat over time. Other identified species are: equids, cat, dog, aurochs, red deer, roe deer, wolf?, fox, beaver, Anser sp., chicken, eel, common barbel, Percidae, Salmo sp., Cyprinidae and Bivalvia.

We would like to thank Thomas Höltken, from the Römisch-Germanisches Museum Köln, and Eckhard Deschler-Erb, from the University of Cologne, for their collaboration.

The faunal remains from Heumarkt were subject to previous analyses by H. Berke and J. Kokabi. These are the references for these works:

Berke, H. 1997. Haustiere, Handwerker und Händler, vorläufige archäozoologische Ergebnisse der Ausgrabungen am Heumarkt in Köln. Kölner Jarhbuch 30: 405-413.

Kokabi, J. 2001. Archäozoologische Untersuchung zu den Ausgrabungen Köln-Heumarkt. Kölner Jarhbuch 34: 841-873.

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