Journal article Open Access

Determinants of Injection Safety Practice Among Health Care Workers in Selected Primary Health Care Centres, Abeokuta, Ogun State

OGUNDIJO, Adeboyin Racheal (RN, RM, BNSc.); OKAFOR, Ngozi Anthonia (RN, RM, RPHN, PhD)

Injections are one of the most common health care procedures and have been used effectively for many years in preventive and curative healthcare. Safe injection practice is one of the standard precautions that help in maintaining basic levels of patient safety and provider protections but with the increase in the rate of infections associated with unsafe injection practices, there is a need to assess the determinants of injection safety practices among health care workers in primary health care centres in Abeokuta Ogun State. Nigeria. This study was conducted in selected primary health care centres in the two Local Government Areas of Abeokuta South and North. A total of one hundred and eighty-two (182) health workers were randomly selected from the total of two hundred and eighty (280) health care workers in the two local government areas. A well-structured questionnaire to assess the determinants of safe injection practice was developed and administered. The data from the survey was entered and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) version 23. Descriptive analysis involving frequency counts and percentages was done and the hypotheses tested using regression analysis model. The level of significance was set at 95% confidence interval. The result from this study shows that there was a relatively high number (55.5%) of health workers that carry out safe injection practices, 44.5% of the respondents still carried out inadequate safe injection practices. In conclusion, large number of the health care workers are willing to carry out good injection practices, but many are still engaged in unsafe practice which is a source of concern. Hence, continuous training and awareness creation on injection safety practice should be the norm at primary health care facilities.

 

Keywords: Injection Safety, Knowledge, Practices, Health Care Workers,

This article has been published at www.ijmnhs.com , Issue: 2, Vol.#2, April 2021.
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