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Hiding in Plain Sight: "Simon Barjona" as Wordplay and Theology in Mt 16:17

Gary D. Collier

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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.4742949</identifier>
      <creatorName>Gary D. Collier</creatorName>
    <title>Hiding in Plain Sight: "Simon Barjona" as Wordplay and Theology in Mt 16:17</title>
    <subject>Simon BarJonah</subject>
    <subject>Gospel of Matthew</subject>
    <subject>Matthew 12:39</subject>
    <subject>Matthew 16:17</subject>
    <subject>Peter in Matthew</subject>
    <subject>Jonah in  Matthew</subject>
    <date dateType="Issued">2021-05-07</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Presentation</resourceType>
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    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Why did Jesus call Peter &amp;ldquo;Simon Barjona&amp;rdquo; in Mt 16:17?&amp;nbsp; The name &amp;ldquo;Simon&amp;rdquo; is common enough in the gospels, especially the Gospel of John.&amp;nbsp; But &amp;ldquo;Barjona&amp;rdquo; occurs only once in all of biblical literature.&amp;nbsp; Commentators tend to focus on textual variants, or how this might be related to &amp;ldquo;Simon son of John&amp;rdquo; (Jn 1:42; 21:15-17).&amp;nbsp; Suggestions are often related to &amp;ldquo;historical Peter&amp;rdquo; type questions, ranging from a contraction of &lt;em&gt;Johanan&lt;/em&gt; and so squaring it with the Gospel of John, or Peter&amp;rsquo;s father being known by two names.&amp;nbsp; Older commentators found in it &amp;ldquo;son of the dove.&amp;rdquo;&amp;nbsp; Or some just skip it altogether.&amp;nbsp; Public websites might run wild with speculation focusing on weird etymological possibilities for the secrets of the name.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;By taking the name Jonah as a key, I will focus on how the Gospel of Matthew is crafted in contrast with Mark and Luke, specifically as relating to &amp;ldquo;the sign of Jonah&amp;rdquo; in Mt 12:39 and 16:4.&amp;nbsp; Gundry is right that the &amp;ldquo;&lt;em&gt;son&lt;/em&gt; of Jonah&amp;rdquo; is linked to &amp;ldquo;the &lt;em&gt;sign&lt;/em&gt; of Jonah&amp;rdquo; which points to the death and resurrection of Jesus.&amp;nbsp; And he might be right that &amp;ldquo;the choice of the Semitic &amp;Beta;&amp;alpha;&amp;rho;- instead of the Greek &amp;upsilon;ἱό&amp;sigmaf; suits the semitic character of the names Simon and Jonah.&amp;rdquo; (332)&amp;nbsp; But there is another clue that these are linked.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Everybody in the world is aware of the &amp;pi;έ&amp;tau;&amp;omicron;&amp;sigmaf;/&amp;pi;έ&amp;tau;&amp;rho;&amp;alpha; word play in 16:18. But there is another wordplay in v. 17 that has been entirely overshadowed.&amp;nbsp; It sets up the more famous wordplay and ties it solidly to the sign of Jonah promised in two prior texts:&amp;nbsp; and it makes the sign of Jonah something that hides in plain sight.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
    <description descriptionType="Other">Originally read at the 2018 Stone-Campbell Journal Annual Meeting, Gospel's section.</description>
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