Journal article Open Access

The neural bases of tactile vitality forms and their modulation by social context

Rizzolatti, Giacomo; D'Alessio, Andrea; Marchi, Massimo; Di Cesare, Giuseppe


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        <foaf:name>Rizzolatti, Giacomo</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>D'Alessio, Andrea</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Marchi, Massimo</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:familyName>Marchi</foaf:familyName>
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        <foaf:name>Di Cesare, Giuseppe</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:familyName>Di Cesare</foaf:familyName>
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    <dct:title>The neural bases of tactile vitality forms and their modulation by social context</dct:title>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;People communicate using speech, gestures, and, less frequently, touches. An example of tactile&lt;br&gt; communication is represented by handshake. Customs surrounding handshake vary in different&lt;br&gt; cultures. In Western societies is mostly used when meeting, parting, as a sign of congratulations or at&lt;br&gt; the end of a successful business. Despite its importance in social life, the neural mechanism underlying&lt;br&gt; the affective components conveyed by handshake (&amp;ldquo;tactile vitality forms&amp;rdquo;) is unknown. Here we&lt;br&gt; combined functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electromyography (EMG), to investigate&lt;br&gt; the neural affective activations during handshakes. We demonstrated that handshake conveying&lt;br&gt; gentle or aggressive tactile vitality forms produces a stronger activation of the dorso-central insula.&lt;br&gt; The simultaneous presence of emotional facial expressions modulates the activation of this insular&lt;br&gt; sector. Finally, we provide evidence that the cingulate cortex is involved in the processing of facial&lt;br&gt; expressions conveying different vitality forms.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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    <dct:title>investigating Human Shared PErception with Robots</dct:title>
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