Journal article Open Access

Simulador médico para la enseñanza de Ginecología y Obstetricia

Erazo Carvajal, David Andrés; Palacios Montenegro, Gabriela Fernanda; Gómez Goitia, José Manuel


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    "description": "<p><strong>RESUMEN</strong></p>\n\n<p><strong>Introducci&oacute;n</strong>: La simulaci&oacute;n es una t&eacute;cnica pr&aacute;ctica que ayuda al desarrollo de destrezas y habilidades en las ramas m&eacute;dicas, es un apoyo fundamental como herramienta de ense&ntilde;anza para el docente y un v&iacute;nculo de aprendizaje para los estudiantes. Esta investigaci&oacute;n tiene como objetivo desarrollar un sistema virtual que apoye a un fantoma m&eacute;dico en el &aacute;rea de Ginecolog&iacute;a y Obstetricia para mejorar el proceso de aprendizaje por experiencias en dificultades posparto.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Metodolog&iacute;a</strong>:&nbsp; Fue de car&aacute;cter cuantitativo, modalidad aplicada de tipo observacional y descriptiva; con la poblaci&oacute;n de los docentes de la catedra de Ginecolog&iacute;a y Obstetricia que realizan sus clases en la Cl&iacute;nica de Simulaci&oacute;n Medica y Rob&oacute;tica.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Resultado</strong>: Se evidencio la necesidad educativa de crear una aplicaci&oacute;n integral mediante herramientas digitales para cumplir operadores m&eacute;dicos mediante la programaci&oacute;n de un sistema utilizado por medio de un interfaz gr&aacute;fico en una aplicaci&oacute;n.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Conclusiones</strong>: Para los participantes es fundamental la creaci&oacute;n de un escenario debido a que aqu&iacute; se puede aplicar la experiencia de los docentes para resolver problemas en los casos cl&iacute;nicos, mediante un libreto se sigue una secuencia que posee varias herramientas que ayudaran al estudiante a entender el rol que va realizar en una simulaci&oacute;n y poder contemplar los temas a tratar.</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p>\n\n<p><strong>Introduction</strong>: The simulation is a practical technique that helps the development of skills and abilities in the medical branches, it is a fundamental support as a teaching tool for the teacher and a learning link for the students. This research aims to develop a virtual system that supports a medical phantom in the area of Gynecology and Obstetrics to improve the learning process through experiences in postpartum difficulties.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Methodology</strong>: It was quantitative in nature, applied observational and descriptive modality; with the population of the professors of the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics who carry out their classes at the Clinic for Medical and Robotics Simulation.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Results</strong>: The educational need to create a comprehensive application using digital tools was evidenced to meet medical operators by programming a system used through a graphic interface in an application.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: For the participants, the creation of a scenario is fundamental because here the experience of teachers can be applied to solve problems in clinical cases, through a script a sequence is followed that has several tools that will help the student to understand the role to be performed in a simulation and to be able to contemplate the topics to be discussed.</p>", 
    "language": "spa", 
    "title": "Simulador m\u00e9dico para la ense\u00f1anza de Ginecolog\u00eda y Obstetricia", 
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      "volume": "5", 
      "issue": "2", 
      "pages": "40-46", 
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    "references": [
      "Cardona G. Tendencias educativas para el siglo XXI. Educaci\u00f3n virtual, online y @learning. Elementos para la discusi\u00f3n. Edutec. 2002; 15: a025. DOI: 10.21556/edutec.2002.15.542", 
      "Macedonia CR, Gherman RB, Satin AJ. Simulation laboratories for training in obstetrics and gynecology. Obstet Gynecol. 2003; 102(2): 388-92. DOI: 10.1016/S0029-7844(03)00483-6", 
      "Garc\u00eda-Lavandeira S, \u00c1lvarez-Silvares E, Rubio-Cid P, Borrajo-Hern\u00e1ndez E. Hemorragia posparto secundaria o tard\u00eda. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2017; 85(4): 254-66. Disponible en: https://www.medigraphic.com/pdfs/ginobsmex/gom-2017/gom174g.pdf", 
      "Crawford SB, Baily LW, Monks SM (ed.). Comprehensive healthcare simulation: Operations, technology, and innovative practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2019.", 
      "Reducing Medical Errors with simulation [Internet]. Caehealthcare.com. [citado el 01 de agosto de 2019]. Disponible en: https://caehealthcare.com/blog/a-culture-of-patient-safety-reducing-medical-errors-with-simulation/", 
      "Jude DC, Gilbert GG, Magrane D. Simulation training in the obstetrics and gynecology clerkship. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006; 195(5): 1489-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2006.05.003"
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "Simuladores m\u00e9dicos", 
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      "postpartum hemorrhage practice"
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    "publication_date": "2021-04-27", 
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        "affiliation": "Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Tecnol\u00f3gica Indoam\u00e9rica. Quito, Ecuador.", 
        "name": "Erazo Carvajal, David Andr\u00e9s"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-6974-9912", 
        "affiliation": "Carrera de Medicina, Facultad de Ciencias M\u00e9dicas, Universidad Central de Ecuador. Quito, Ecuador.", 
        "name": "Palacios Montenegro, Gabriela Fernanda"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0001-5143-4333", 
        "affiliation": "Maestr\u00eda de Educaci\u00f3n, Menci\u00f3n en Pedagog\u00eda en Entornos Digitales, Universidad Tecnol\u00f3gica Indoam\u00e9rica. Ambato, Ecuador.", 
        "name": "G\u00f3mez Goitia, Jos\u00e9 Manuel"
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