Conference paper Open Access

Assessment of Sociodemographic Disparities in Environmental Exposure Might be Erroneous due to Neighborhood Effect Averaging: Implications for Environmental Inequality Research

Kim, Junghwan; Kwan, Mei-Po


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;This paper examines the neighborhood effect averaging problem (NEAP) in the evaluation of sociodemographic disparities in people&amp;rsquo;s air pollution exposures in Los Angeles using GIScience methods and activity-travel diary data of 3790 individuals. Spatial regression model results indicate that assessments of sociodemographic disparities in people&amp;rsquo;s air pollution exposures are erroneous when people&amp;rsquo;s daily mobility is ignored because of the different manifestations of neighborhood effect averaging for different social/racial groups. Therefore, to avoid erroneous conclusions in environmental inequality research, it would be critical to consider the NEAP in studies of&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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