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ATLAS Deliverable 8.4: Delivery of research outputs

Collart, T; Larkin, K; Pesant, S; Gafeira, J

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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Marine data are needed for many purposes: for acquiring a better scientific understanding of the&lt;br&gt;
marine environment, but also, increasingly, to provide information and knowledge to support ocean&lt;br&gt;
and coastal economic developments and underpin evidence‐based ocean and wider environmental&lt;br&gt;
management decision making. Data must be of sufficient quality and at the right resolution to meet&lt;br&gt;
the specific users&amp;rsquo; needs. They must also be accessible in a timely manner and in appropriate formats&lt;br&gt;
&amp;ndash; not only in raw data but as integrated datasets, data products, etc. &amp;ndash; for use by marine and maritime&lt;br&gt;
professionals. Such expert users span scientific research, policy and industry. In addition, providing&lt;br&gt;
engaging and user‐friendly interfaces and tools for wider society to explore marine data and&lt;br&gt;
information e.g. through visualisations, is vital to promote a knowledge‐driven, ocean literate society.&lt;br&gt;
In addition, the blue economy, policy makers, researchers and wider society increasingly require data&lt;br&gt;
that are Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR) across multiple parameters, spatial&lt;br&gt;
scales and resolutions. Many data services and initiatives already exist in Europe and there is a drive&lt;br&gt;
towards collaboration and interoperability of these to ensure data can be discovered through web&lt;br&gt;
services by human queries and through machine‐to‐machine communication.&lt;br&gt;
This ATLAS deliverable (D8.4) is driven by the philosophy of Open Data and Open Science, adding value&lt;br&gt;
to the diverse datasets produced by ATLAS, making them more FAIR and so, ultimately, increasing&lt;br&gt;
their long‐term use and impact. To this end, project partner Seascape Belgium (SBE) provided and&lt;br&gt;
customised a web‐GIS Platform for the ATLAS project. Using an open source geospatial content&lt;br&gt;
management system &amp;ndash; GeoNode &amp;ndash; the ATLAS GeoNode was developed as a tool to share, visualise and&lt;br&gt;
download geospatial data with the ATLAS consortium and wider stakeholders. In addition, ATLAS data&lt;br&gt;
and data products are being ingested into the European Marine Observation Data Network&lt;br&gt;
(EMODnet)&amp;nbsp;as a long‐term solution to data availability, discovery and use. This report summarises the&lt;br&gt;
work conducted by SBE, in collaboration with University of Bremen (UniHB) and the PANGAEA2&lt;br&gt;
information and data publisher for earth and environmental data, British Geological Survey (BGS) and&lt;br&gt;
others partners, to valorise the marine data being produced by ATLAS, namely building on existing&lt;br&gt;
methods and tools to add value, use and impact of marine data along the pipeline from data&lt;br&gt;
production to end‐user. This contributes in particular to the 3rd key objective of ATLAS, to transform&lt;br&gt;
new data, tools and understanding and make it accessible to wider stakeholders for effective ocean&lt;br&gt;
governance. To achieve this, SBE has worked together with UniHB (as data management and WP8&amp;nbsp;lead) and BGS to assess, optimise and &amp;ndash; where possible &amp;ndash; innovate the data flows in place. A key focus&lt;br&gt;
has been at the mid‐point of the &amp;ldquo;data pipeline&amp;rdquo;, where curated data can be &amp;lsquo;valorised&amp;rsquo; through&lt;br&gt;
methods including data visualisation and data integration, to make them more accessible to multiand&lt;br&gt;
inter‐disciplinary research communities and to wider stakeholders including policy and industry.&lt;br&gt;
SBE administers the EMODnet Secretariat, and so has been able to facilitate direct dialogues between&lt;br&gt;
EMODnet Data Ingestion and the seven thematic areas of EMODnet (Bathymetry, Biology, Chemistry,&lt;br&gt;
Geology, Human Activities, Physics and Seabed Habitats) with ATLAS data providers to ensure a&lt;br&gt;
longer‐term ingestion of data into EMODnet.&lt;br&gt;
As a North Atlantic basin scale project with strong industry partnerships ATLAS has offered an&lt;br&gt;
opportunity to assess data flows and pipelines from major research activities and projects via existing&lt;br&gt;
data publishers and assembly centres to EMODnet, and to recommend further ways to optimise these&lt;br&gt;
in the future. This report also looks at the relevance of ATLAS data and outputs to policy and industry,&lt;br&gt;
including recommendations from meetings and consultations conducted by ATLAS WP6 and WP7.&lt;br&gt;
These include recommendations from ATLAS D6.4 that a desire from offshore maritime industry to&lt;br&gt;
see greater connectivity and interoperability between marine data to increase their impact and use&lt;br&gt;
and to streamline the process of marine data discovery, uptake and exploitation.&lt;br&gt;
Particular focus has also been dedicated to investigate the flow of data from PANGAEA data publisher&lt;br&gt;
to EMODnet. This has resulted in stronger collaborations between the two initiatives, leading to more&lt;br&gt;
systemic and operational exchanges in data flows, including a move towards automated data&lt;br&gt;
harvesting. The project has also offered an opportunity to develop an innovative online GIS platform&lt;br&gt;
as a community tool for sharing and integrating geospatial data. This was developed as a pilot and the&lt;br&gt;
positive user feedback shows its potential for making data &amp;lsquo;come alive&amp;rsquo;, connecting it to wider&lt;br&gt;
stakeholders and offering useful maps and products which marine and maritime professionals can use&lt;br&gt;
for their professional needs e.g. marine spatial planning.&lt;br&gt;
Recommendations from this report in terms of data stewardship and data flows can be taken forward&lt;br&gt;
by marine data initiatives and by the marine research community in the future. The advances that&lt;br&gt;
have been taken in ATLAS towards FAIR data are important steps towards streamlining the ingestion&lt;br&gt;
of data into EMODnet. In EMODnet, data are discoverable through data and web services, contributing&lt;br&gt;
to the European Union&amp;rsquo;s policy on marine knowledge, the &amp;ldquo;Marine Knowledge 2020&amp;rdquo; initiative. Here,&lt;br&gt;
EMODnet has a key mandate to transform Europe&amp;rsquo;s fragmented data landscape into an interoperable&lt;br&gt;
sharing framework, in addition to supporting coordinated European observation activities. This will&lt;br&gt;
increases the information available, and therefore the efficiency, for marine and maritime&lt;br&gt;
professionals from industry, public authorities and academia to discover and use marine data,&amp;nbsp;information and knowledge. This encourages innovation that reduces our present uncertainty as to&lt;br&gt;
what is happening beneath the sea surface. Beyond 2020, EMODnet is working with key data&lt;br&gt;
initiatives to federate existing infrastructure and contribute to a Blue‐Cloud cyber platform3 that will&lt;br&gt;
offer enhanced capabilities for marine research including a virtual research laboratories,&lt;br&gt;
computational power and storage and the latest data discovery and interoperability to access data&lt;br&gt;
from a large diversity of data initiatives and data providers.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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