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ATLAS Deliverable 8.4: Delivery of research outputs

Collart, T; Larkin, K; Pesant, S; Gafeira, J


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{
  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.4659035", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Collart, T"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Larkin, K"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Pesant, S"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Gafeira, J"
    }
  ], 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2021, 
        4, 
        1
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p>Marine data are needed for many purposes: for acquiring a better scientific understanding of the<br>\nmarine environment, but also, increasingly, to provide information and knowledge to support ocean<br>\nand coastal economic developments and underpin evidence\u2010based ocean and wider environmental<br>\nmanagement decision making. Data must be of sufficient quality and at the right resolution to meet<br>\nthe specific users&rsquo; needs. They must also be accessible in a timely manner and in appropriate formats<br>\n&ndash; not only in raw data but as integrated datasets, data products, etc. &ndash; for use by marine and maritime<br>\nprofessionals. Such expert users span scientific research, policy and industry. In addition, providing<br>\nengaging and user\u2010friendly interfaces and tools for wider society to explore marine data and<br>\ninformation e.g. through visualisations, is vital to promote a knowledge\u2010driven, ocean literate society.<br>\nIn addition, the blue economy, policy makers, researchers and wider society increasingly require data<br>\nthat are Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR) across multiple parameters, spatial<br>\nscales and resolutions. Many data services and initiatives already exist in Europe and there is a drive<br>\ntowards collaboration and interoperability of these to ensure data can be discovered through web<br>\nservices by human queries and through machine\u2010to\u2010machine communication.<br>\nThis ATLAS deliverable (D8.4) is driven by the philosophy of Open Data and Open Science, adding value<br>\nto the diverse datasets produced by ATLAS, making them more FAIR and so, ultimately, increasing<br>\ntheir long\u2010term use and impact. To this end, project partner Seascape Belgium (SBE) provided and<br>\ncustomised a web\u2010GIS Platform for the ATLAS project. Using an open source geospatial content<br>\nmanagement system &ndash; GeoNode &ndash; the ATLAS GeoNode was developed as a tool to share, visualise and<br>\ndownload geospatial data with the ATLAS consortium and wider stakeholders. In addition, ATLAS data<br>\nand data products are being ingested into the European Marine Observation Data Network<br>\n(EMODnet)&nbsp;as a long\u2010term solution to data availability, discovery and use. This report summarises the<br>\nwork conducted by SBE, in collaboration with University of Bremen (UniHB) and the PANGAEA2<br>\ninformation and data publisher for earth and environmental data, British Geological Survey (BGS) and<br>\nothers partners, to valorise the marine data being produced by ATLAS, namely building on existing<br>\nmethods and tools to add value, use and impact of marine data along the pipeline from data<br>\nproduction to end\u2010user. This contributes in particular to the 3rd key objective of ATLAS, to transform<br>\nnew data, tools and understanding and make it accessible to wider stakeholders for effective ocean<br>\ngovernance. To achieve this, SBE has worked together with UniHB (as data management and WP8&nbsp;lead) and BGS to assess, optimise and &ndash; where possible &ndash; innovate the data flows in place. A key focus<br>\nhas been at the mid\u2010point of the &ldquo;data pipeline&rdquo;, where curated data can be &lsquo;valorised&rsquo; through<br>\nmethods including data visualisation and data integration, to make them more accessible to multiand<br>\ninter\u2010disciplinary research communities and to wider stakeholders including policy and industry.<br>\nSBE administers the EMODnet Secretariat, and so has been able to facilitate direct dialogues between<br>\nEMODnet Data Ingestion and the seven thematic areas of EMODnet (Bathymetry, Biology, Chemistry,<br>\nGeology, Human Activities, Physics and Seabed Habitats) with ATLAS data providers to ensure a<br>\nlonger\u2010term ingestion of data into EMODnet.<br>\nAs a North Atlantic basin scale project with strong industry partnerships ATLAS has offered an<br>\nopportunity to assess data flows and pipelines from major research activities and projects via existing<br>\ndata publishers and assembly centres to EMODnet, and to recommend further ways to optimise these<br>\nin the future. This report also looks at the relevance of ATLAS data and outputs to policy and industry,<br>\nincluding recommendations from meetings and consultations conducted by ATLAS WP6 and WP7.<br>\nThese include recommendations from ATLAS D6.4 that a desire from offshore maritime industry to<br>\nsee greater connectivity and interoperability between marine data to increase their impact and use<br>\nand to streamline the process of marine data discovery, uptake and exploitation.<br>\nParticular focus has also been dedicated to investigate the flow of data from PANGAEA data publisher<br>\nto EMODnet. This has resulted in stronger collaborations between the two initiatives, leading to more<br>\nsystemic and operational exchanges in data flows, including a move towards automated data<br>\nharvesting. The project has also offered an opportunity to develop an innovative online GIS platform<br>\nas a community tool for sharing and integrating geospatial data. This was developed as a pilot and the<br>\npositive user feedback shows its potential for making data &lsquo;come alive&rsquo;, connecting it to wider<br>\nstakeholders and offering useful maps and products which marine and maritime professionals can use<br>\nfor their professional needs e.g. marine spatial planning.<br>\nRecommendations from this report in terms of data stewardship and data flows can be taken forward<br>\nby marine data initiatives and by the marine research community in the future. The advances that<br>\nhave been taken in ATLAS towards FAIR data are important steps towards streamlining the ingestion<br>\nof data into EMODnet. In EMODnet, data are discoverable through data and web services, contributing<br>\nto the European Union&rsquo;s policy on marine knowledge, the &ldquo;Marine Knowledge 2020&rdquo; initiative. Here,<br>\nEMODnet has a key mandate to transform Europe&rsquo;s fragmented data landscape into an interoperable<br>\nsharing framework, in addition to supporting coordinated European observation activities. This will<br>\nincreases the information available, and therefore the efficiency, for marine and maritime<br>\nprofessionals from industry, public authorities and academia to discover and use marine data,&nbsp;information and knowledge. This encourages innovation that reduces our present uncertainty as to<br>\nwhat is happening beneath the sea surface. Beyond 2020, EMODnet is working with key data<br>\ninitiatives to federate existing infrastructure and contribute to a Blue\u2010Cloud cyber platform3 that will<br>\noffer enhanced capabilities for marine research including a virtual research laboratories,<br>\ncomputational power and storage and the latest data discovery and interoperability to access data<br>\nfrom a large diversity of data initiatives and data providers.&nbsp;</p>", 
  "title": "ATLAS Deliverable 8.4: Delivery of research outputs", 
  "type": "article", 
  "id": "4659035"
}
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