Journal article Open Access
Md. Rezaul Karim; Muhammad Armaan Hossain
The purpose of this study is to predict the areas in financial statements susceptive to fraud in the banking sector of Bangladesh. Data of 13 years ranging from 2006 to 2018 of 29 listed banks in Bangladesh were examined for the purpose of this study. Financial data suggested by International Standard on Auditing (ISA) 240 as fraud risk indicators were used as the independent variables and banks identified by Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) to be engaged in fraud, scam and heists were taken as dependent variable. Multilayer Perceptron Network (MLP), a class of feedforward Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model was used as the analytical tool. It is found that loan disbursement, assets, profit, operating expenses and tax are the areas that can signal the probable fraud in financial statements of the listed banks of Bangladesh. The findings of this study will have policy implications for auditors and the regulators of money market in Bangladesh.
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