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Promoting ethics for human enhancement technologies: SIENNA project Policy Brief #5

Yasemin J. Erden; Philip Brey


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Human enhancement is a modification aimed&amp;nbsp;at&amp;nbsp;improving human performance&amp;nbsp;beyond what is typical or average, brought about&lt;br&gt;
by science-based and/or technology-based interventions in or on the human body. Some forms of human enhancement (e.g., cosmetic surgery, doping in sports), have existed for a long time.&amp;nbsp;Recent developments in science promise substantial advancements.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Developments in genomics, pharmaceutics, prosthetics, neurotechnology, biomedical engineering, human-machine interaction,&amp;nbsp;artificial intelligence and nanomedicine&amp;nbsp;have&amp;nbsp;unlimited potential to create future humans with superhuman physical and mental abilities.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Some human enhancement is controversial socially and morally. They promise the advancement of humanity, but also introduce&amp;nbsp;serious risks to health and well-being, freedom, and equality. Human enhancement research and development can be missed&amp;nbsp;in ethical and legislative review. The field is&amp;nbsp;broad, and enhancement potential can be&amp;nbsp;difficult to predict, especially if such potential&amp;nbsp;is not actively sought.&amp;nbsp;In all cases, guidance is needed.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;SIENNA research has identified that there is insufficient guidance available for responsible&amp;nbsp;decision-making on these topics, whether in research, development, deployment or use&amp;nbsp;of technologies with enhancement potential. This brief presents some&lt;strong&gt; urgent actions and recommendations for policy makers.&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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