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Promoting ethics for human enhancement technologies: SIENNA project Policy Brief #5

Yasemin J. Erden; Philip Brey


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.4633510</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Yasemin J. Erden</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Twente</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Philip Brey</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Twente</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Promoting ethics for human enhancement technologies: SIENNA project Policy Brief #5</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2021</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>human enhancement</subject>
    <subject>recommendations</subject>
    <subject>ethics guidance</subject>
    <subject>regulatory guidance</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2021-03-24</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Other</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/4633510</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.4633509</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <version>1.0</version>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Human enhancement is a modification aimed&amp;nbsp;at&amp;nbsp;improving human performance&amp;nbsp;beyond what is typical or average, brought about&lt;br&gt;
by science-based and/or technology-based interventions in or on the human body. Some forms of human enhancement (e.g., cosmetic surgery, doping in sports), have existed for a long time.&amp;nbsp;Recent developments in science promise substantial advancements.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Developments in genomics, pharmaceutics, prosthetics, neurotechnology, biomedical engineering, human-machine interaction,&amp;nbsp;artificial intelligence and nanomedicine&amp;nbsp;have&amp;nbsp;unlimited potential to create future humans with superhuman physical and mental abilities.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Some human enhancement is controversial socially and morally. They promise the advancement of humanity, but also introduce&amp;nbsp;serious risks to health and well-being, freedom, and equality. Human enhancement research and development can be missed&amp;nbsp;in ethical and legislative review. The field is&amp;nbsp;broad, and enhancement potential can be&amp;nbsp;difficult to predict, especially if such potential&amp;nbsp;is not actively sought.&amp;nbsp;In all cases, guidance is needed.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;SIENNA research has identified that there is insufficient guidance available for responsible&amp;nbsp;decision-making on these topics, whether in research, development, deployment or use&amp;nbsp;of technologies with enhancement potential. This brief presents some&lt;strong&gt; urgent actions and recommendations for policy makers.&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/741716/">741716</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Stakeholder-informed ethics for new technologies with high socio-economic and human rights impact</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
  </fundingReferences>
</resource>
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