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The Philosophy of Apel and the Problem of Thinking without Language

Crelier, Andrés

The article examines the claim that meaningful thinking depends on language in relation to the philosophy of Karl-Otto Apel. Firstly, it interprets Apel´s position on this issue and puts forward the thesis of a «real dependance», according to which meaningful thinking depends on the existence of a natural language. Secondly, a variety of counterexamples to the latter thesis are being examined. Thirdly, the paper analyses the idea of a «virtual dependency», according to which meaningful thinking depends on its being expressible by a natural language. The fourth and last section sets limits to the latter claim but applies it to the presuppositions of argumentation. 

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