Journal article Open Access
Solar Energy is the prime important source of energy, and it has continued to gain popularity globally. As of 2018, about 486 GW of solar PV was installed worldwide. One of the key requirements for socio-economic improvement in any nation of the world is the provision of dependable electricity supply systems. Recently, there is a massive growth in access to solar electricity in several Africa countries, notably South Africa, Egypt, Morocco, and Algeria. As a result, it decreases the global population without access to electricity with an appreciable value. This paper review the present state of solar energy capacity in the world also identifies vital approaches of improving their functionality, reliability, and affordability as well as the essential method that policymakers may implement in the future. The result shows that there is a recurrent growth in solar energy annually and as at the end of 2018 Asia with the largest capacity of 56.58%, while Central America and the Caribbean have the lowest installed capacity of 0.36%. As the request for an uninterrupted supply increases in different regions, progressive builders are embracing solar photovoltaics (PV) renewable energy as an option for their customers.