Dataset Open Access

Building types map of Germany

Schug, Franz; Frantz, David; van der Linden, Sebastian; Hostert, Patrick

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  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.4601219", 
  "title": "Building types map of Germany", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "<p>This dataset features a map of building types for Germany on a 10m grid based on Sentinel-1A/B and Sentinel-2A/B time series. A random forest classification was used to map the predominant type of buildings within a pixel. We distinguish single-family residential buildings, multi-family residential buildings, commercial and industrial buildings and lightweight structures. Building types were predicted for all pixels where building density &gt; 25 %. Please refer to the publication for details.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Temporal extent</strong></p>\n\n<p>Sentinel-2 time series data are from 2018. Sentinel-1 time series data are from 2017.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Data format</strong></p>\n\n<p>The data come in tiles of 30x30km (see shapefile). The projection is EPSG:3035. The images are compressed GeoTiff files (*.tif). Metadata are located within the Tiff, partly in the FORCE domain. There is a mosaic in GDAL Virtual format (*.vrt), which can readily be opened in most Geographic Information Systems. Building type values are categorical, according to the following scheme:</p>\n\n<p>0 - No building</p>\n\n<p>1 - Commercial and industrial buildings</p>\n\n<p>2 - Single-family residential buildings</p>\n\n<p>3 - Lightweight structures</p>\n\n<p>4 - Multi-family residential buildings</p>\n\n<p><strong>Further information</strong></p>\n\n<p>For further information, please see the publication or contact Franz Schug (<br>\nA web-visualization of this dataset is available <a href=\"\">here</a>.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Publication</strong></p>\n\n<p>Schug, F., Frantz, D., van der Linden, S., &amp; Hostert, P. (2021). Gridded population mapping for Germany based on building density, height and type from Earth Observation data using census disaggregation and bottom-up estimates. PLOS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0249044</p>\n\n<p><strong>Acknowledgements</strong></p>\n\n<p>The dataset was generated by FORCE v. 3.1 (<a href=\"\">paper</a>, <a href=\"\">code</a>), which is freely available software under the terms of the GNU General Public License v. &gt;= 3. Sentinel imagery were obtained from the <a href=\"\">European Space Agency and the European Commission</a>.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Funding</strong><br>\nThis dataset was produced with funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union&#39;s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (<a href=\"\">MAT_STOCKS</a>, grant agreement No 741950).</p>", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Schug, Franz"
      "family": "Frantz, David"
      "family": "van der Linden, Sebastian"
      "family": "Hostert, Patrick"
  "version": "1.0", 
  "type": "dataset", 
  "id": "4601219"
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